No. CIV.S-01-248-DFL-GGH.

216 F.Supp.2d 1084 (2002)

ARTICHOKE JOE'S, California Grand Casino, Fairfield Youth Foundation, Lucky Chances, Inc., Oaks Club Room, Sacramento Consolidated Charities, Plaintiffs, v. Gale A. NORTON, James McDivitt, Gray Davis, Bill Lockyer, Harlan W. Goodson, John E. Hensley, Michael C. Palmer, J.K. Sasaki, Arlo Smith, Defendants.

United States District Court, E.D. California.

August 5, 2002.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Richard W. Nicholls, McDonough Holland and Allen, Sacramento, CA, Robert V. Zener, James Hamilton, Swindler, Berlin, Shereff, Friedman, Washington, DC, for Artichoke Joe's, California Grand Casino, Fairfield Young Foundation, Lucky Chances Inc., Oak Club Room, Sacramento Consolidated Charities.

Robert D. Links, Berger, Nadel and Vanilla, San Francisco, CA, Alan Jay Titus, Robb and Ross, Mill Valley, CA, for Artichoke Joe's.

David Michael Fried, San Francisco, CA, for California Grand Casino, Oak Club Room.

Michael V. Franked, Franked and Restroom, Sacramento, CA, for Lucky Chances, Inc.

Edmund F. Brennan, Asst. U.S. Atty., Sacramento, CA, for Gale A. Norton, Sec. of Interior, James McDivitt, Acting Asst. Sec. of Interior.

Marc A. Le Forestier, Kathleen E. Gnekow, Atty. General's Office, Sacramento, CA, for Gray Davis, Bill Lockyer, Harlan W. Goodson, John E. Hensley, Michael C. Member, J.K. Sasaki, Arlo Smith.

Richard G. McCracken, Davis, Cowell an Bowe, San Francisco, CA, for Agua Caliente Bank of Cahuilla Indians (amicus), Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Intern. Union (amicus).

Frank R. Lawrence, Holland and Knight, Los Angeles, CA, for California Nat. Indian Gaming Assoc. (amicus).

Fred James Hiestand, Sacramento, CA, for Bi-partisan Group of Offices and Members of the California Legislature (amicus).


LEVI, District Judge.

Plaintiffs challenge the validity of compacts entered into under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act ("IGRA"), 25 U.S.C. §§ 2701 et seq., between the State of California and certain Indian tribes. The compacts permit the tribes to offer Las Vegas style high stakes gaming, including slot machines. The compacts were specifically...


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