No. 96-35050.

140 F.3d 1275 (1998)

Jason SCOTT, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Rick ROSS, aka Rickey Allen Ross; Mark Workman; Charles Simpson, Defendants, and Cult Awareness Network, a California Non-Profit Corp., Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Decided April 8, 1998.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Paul Lawrence and Ramona M. Emerson, Preston, Gates & Ellis, Seattle, Washington, for defendant-appellant.

Eric M. Lieberman, Rabinowitz, Boudin, Standard, Krinsky & Lieberman, New York City, for plaintiff-appellee.

David J. Bardin, Arent, Fox, Kintner, Plotkin & Kahn, Washington, DC, for amici curiae American Family Foundation, HALT — an Organization of Americans for Legal Reform, Jews for Judaism, and Watchman Fellowship on Agency, Vicarious Liability and First Amendment Issues.

Before: SCHROEDER and BEEZER, Circuit Judges, and SCHWARZER, Senior District Judge.

Opinion by Judge BEEZER; Dissent by Judge SCHWARZER.

BEEZER, Circuit Judge:

Defendant-appellant Cult Awareness Network ("CAN") appeals the jury's verdict finding CAN liable for conspiracy and negligence. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.


In 1991, Kathy Tonkin and her six children joined the Life Tabernacle Church ("Life Tabernacle"), a branch of the United Pentecostal Church International. Tonkin remained...

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