222 A.D.2d 477 (1995)

634 N.Y.S.2d 755

Paul Brabender et al., Appellants, v. Incorporated Village of Northport, Respondent

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Second Department.

December 11, 1995

Ordered that the order is reversed, on the law, with costs, the motion is denied, and the complaint is reinstated.

The plaintiffs' two causes of action are based on allegations that the defendant was negligent in the "design, construction and maintenance of Ocean Avenue at or about its intersection with Dogwood Road in the Village of Northport" and on allegations that the defendant failed to "provide adequate warnings that said roadway [was] slippery when wet". In other words, the plaintiffs, in their complaint, have "alleged affirmative acts of negligence by defendant including, inter alia, negligent design, construction and signing of [Ocean Avenue], thereby obviating the need to plead and prove compliance with defendant's prior written notice provision" (Merchant v Town of Halfmoon, 194 A.D.2d 1031, 1032, citing Alexander v Eldred, 63 N.Y.2d 460; Toohey v Town of Brunswick, 191 A.D.2d 858; Humes v Town of Hempstead, 166 A.D.2d 503, 504; Rogers v County of Saratoga, 144 A.D.2d 731; see also, Hughes v Jahoda, 75 N.Y.2d 881; Doremus v Incorporated Vil. of Lynbrook, 18 N.Y.2d 362; Bounauito v William Floyd School Dist., 203 A.D.2d 225; Rhodes v Bauer, 173 A.D.2d 452; Burgess v Town of Hempstead, 161 A.D.2d 616). The plaintiffs' failure to plead compliance with CPLR 9804 and Village Law § 6-628 cannot, therefore, serve as the basis for dismissal of the complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211 (a) (7).

The defendant's motion was made prior to the service of its answer pursuant to CPLR 3211 (a) (7). In opposition to this motion, the plaintiffs' counsel asserted that the court should "look to the four corners of the complaint to determine if a cause of action has been stated". Nonetheless, the Supreme Court considered, inter alia, a reply affidavit submitted on behalf of the defendant which contained evidence tending to show that the road in question existed before the incorporation of the defendant Village. In summarily dismissing the complaint based on this evidentiary material submitted for the first time in a reply affidavit, the court, in effect, converted the defendant's motion into one for summary judgment (see, CPLR 3212) without having provided adequate notice to the parties (see, CPLR 3211 [c]). This was an error (see, Mihlovan v Grozavu, 72 N.Y.2d 506; Matter of Ward v Bennett, 214 A.D.2d 741; Torres v Huntington Coalition for Homeless, 206 A.D.2d 518; Martinez v Pilgrim, 206 A.D.2d 512).

Because there is no basis for dismissal pursuant to CPLR 3211 (a) (7), and because the court did not give notice that it would treat the motion as one pursuant to CPLR 3212 under the circumstances noted above, the order appealed from must be reversed.


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