124 A.D.2d 365 (1986)

Susan Naccarato, Respondent, v. Pamela Kot et al., Defendants, and City of Troy, Appellant

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Third Department.

October 23, 1986

Levine, J.

Plaintiff commenced the instant suit by service of a summons and complaint on, among others, defendant City of Troy (hereinafter the City). The City responded shortly thereafter by service of an answer. Subsequently, some seven months later, the City sought leave to amend its answer to assert the affirmative defense of lack of personal jurisdiction, claiming that plaintiff's service of the summons and complaint by regular mail was not effective to confer in personam jurisdiction upon Supreme Court. Special Term denied the motion and this appeal ensued.

Undeniably, the City did not appropriately raise an objection to personal jurisdiction either by way of a preanswer motion or in its answer to plaintiff's complaint (see, CPLR 3211 [a] [8]; [e]). Accordingly, its service of an answer upon plaintiff constituted a general appearance in the action which effectuated a waiver of any such objection and conferred personal jurisdiction upon Supreme Court (CPLR 320 [b]). However, the City relies upon CPLR 3025 (d), which provides that leave to amend a pleading shall be freely given, and claims that since plaintiff has not shown that any prejudice would result from the untimely assertion of the City's jurisdictional defense (citing Pegno Constr. Corp. v City of New York, 95 A.D.2d 655), Special Term abused its discretion in denying the motion. We disagree.

An amendment to a pleading taken as of right (see, CPLR 3025 [a]) may contain an objection to personal jurisdiction not previously asserted, since such an amendment relates back in time to the original pleading (Abrams v Community Servs., 76 A.D.2d 765, 766; Solarino v Noble, 55 Misc.2d 429, 430). However, the weight of authority is to the contrary when a defendant must seek leave to amend the pleading to interpose such an objection, since the court cannot be divested of the jurisdiction it acquired over a defendant who has made a general appearance (see, CPLR 320 [b]) by way of an untimely assertion of a jurisdictional defense (Kukulka v Millard Fillmore Suburban Hosp., 106 A.D.2d 886, 887; De Angelis v Friedman, 46 A.D.2d 66, 68, appeal dismissed 38 N.Y.2d 737; Bonaparte v McCarthy, 120 Misc.2d 81, 82; Goldner v Reiss, 64 Misc.2d 785, 787; 1 Weinstein-Korn-Miller, NY Civ Prac ¶ 320.10; 4 Weinstein-Korn-Miller, NY Civ Prac ¶ 3211.04; McLaughlin, Practice Commentary, McKinney's Cons Laws of NY, Book 7B, CPLR C320:4, pp 364-368; cf. Caruso v Hoyer & Co., 79 A.D.2d 670, 671; Siegel, Practice Commentaries, McKinney's Cons Laws of NY, Book 7B, CPLR C3211:62, pp 66-67; CPLR C3025:7, p 479). Accordingly, Special Term did not abuse its discretion in denying the City's application for leave to amend its answer.

Order affirmed, with costs.


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