NATHANIEL R. JONES, Circuit Judge.
The United States Supreme Court has vacated our decision in Rymer v. Davis, 754 F.2d 198 (6th Cir.1984), and remanded that case to us for reconsideration in light of City of Oklahoma City v. Tuttle, ___ U.S. ___, 105 S.Ct. 2427, 85 L.Ed.2d 791 (1985). See City of Shepherdsville v. Rymer, ___ U.S. ___, 105 S.Ct. 3518, 87 L.Ed.2d 646 (1985). Upon thorough reconsideration, we reaffirm and incorporate by reference our previous decision.
The issue in Tuttle was specifically limited to the question of "[w]hether a single isolated incident of the use of excessive force by a police officer establishes an official policy or practice of a municipality sufficient to render the municipality liable for damages under 42 U.S.C. § 1983." 105 S.Ct. at 2431 n. 2. The Supreme Court reversed the Court of Appeals' affirmance in Tuttle because the jury instructions permitted the jury to "infer" from "a single, unusually excessive use of force ... that it was attributable to inadequate training or supervision amounting to `deliberate indifference' or `gross negligence' on the part
In the instant case, the jury was instructed:
Thus, the City of Shepherdsville was found liable based upon a finding by the jury that the City of Shepherdsville inadequately trained its police officers. No inference from a single incident of excessive force was involved. Consequently, the City was not held liable because it "hired `one bad apple,'" id. at 2435, but because the City was itself a bad actor in failing to train its police force. Consequently, Tuttle is not controlling; rather, this case presents the exact issue upon which the Court refused to express an opinion. See id. at 2436 n. 7. We emphasize again, however, that our decision is not based on an inference but is based on all the facts and instructions set forth in our original disposition of this case.
Accordingly, upon reconsideration we reaffirm and incorporate our previous opinion.