Defendant was indicted and charged with third degree burglary based on an incident of August 7, 1981 where he was seen by police exiting a residence in the City of Watervliet through a rear window. The trial was scheduled for November 1981 and, when defendant failed to appear, he was tried in absentia and found guilty as charged. On appeal, this court reversed on the ground that the trial was improperly conducted in absentia (96 A.D.2d 607). A second trial was promptly held and defendant was convicted of attempted burglary in the third degree. Defendant was sentenced as a second felony offender to an indeterminate term of imprisonment of 2 to 4 years. This appeal ensued.
Defendant contends that the People failed to establish the intent element of burglary inasmuch as he offered proof that he was intoxicated at the time in question. Defendant testified that he was intoxicated at the time he was arrested. Intoxication is a fact which may be considered by the jury to negate an element of the crime charged (Penal Law § 15.25). Whether defendant was so intoxicated as to be unable to form the requisite intent presented issues of fact and credibility for the jury to resolve (see, People v Shapiro, 96 A.D.2d 626, 627). The jury simply chose to resolve this matter in the People's favor.
We reject defendant's contention that certain oral and written statements were taken in violation of his constitutional rights because he refused to execute a written waiver of his rights. It is clear that defendant was given his Miranda rights and that he affirmatively chose to waive those rights and talk to the police. The mere refusal by defendant to sign a written waiver does not, as a matter of law, preclude a finding of a waiver (see, North Carolina v Butler, 441 U.S. 369, 374; People v Davis, 55 N.Y.2d 731, 733; People v Ridgeway, 101 A.D.2d 555, 562, affd 64 N.Y.2d 952). Based on the circumstances present herein, we conclude that defendant did effectively waive his rights such that the oral and written statements were admissible.
Next, defendant claims that he was denied the effective assistance of counsel by virtue of the fact that his new attorney for the second trial only met with him once prior to trial and, on the day of trial, was denied a brief adjournment. An application for an adjournment rests within the sound discretion of the trial court (Matter of Anthony M., 63 N.Y.2d 270, 283; People v Singleton, 41 N.Y.2d 402, 406). However, it
Lastly, we reject defendant's contention that the sentence was excessive. Considering all of the factors, particularly defendant's criminal record, we find that the sentence imposed was appropriate.