MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
WEXLER, District Judge.
This is an appeal by the debtor in a bankruptcy proceeding from an order of the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of New York dated January 18, 1984, which denied debtor-plaintiff's motion for an order avoiding the fixing of certain liens upon the debtor-plaintiff's residence.
Debtor-plaintiff owns certain real property valued at $65,000, which is subject to a first mortgage in the amount of $29,000, and a second mortgage in the amount of $45,000. Debtor-plaintiff therefore has no equity in the property. The property is debtor-plaintiff's residence. Debtor-plaintiff initiated adversary proceedings in the Bankruptcy Court to avoid the fixing of liens on the property in favor of defendants State Tax Commission and Charmer Industries, which hold unsatisfied money judgments against debtor-plaintiff docketed subsequent to the creation of the mortgages.
Under 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f):
Under 11 U.S.C. Section 522(b)(2)(A), an individual debtor may exempt from property of the estate any property that is exempt under State law applicable on the date of the filing of the bankruptcy petition at the place in which the debtor's domicile has been located for the 180 days preceding the filing of the petition.
Under N.Y.C.P.L.R. Section 5206(d):
Under N.Y.C.P.L.R. Section 5203(a):
Debtor-plaintiff contends that the unsatisfied money judgments held by the defendants give rise to liens upon the residence which may be avoided pursuant to 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f)(1).
The first issue is whether debtor-plaintiff has an "interest" in the residence within the meaning of 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f). We hold that he does. It is not necessary for a debtor to have equity in property in order to have an "interest" in such property within the meaning of 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f). Indeed, the aim of 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f), at least in part, is to enable a debtor to create equity which otherwise would not exist, by avoiding certain liens. Re Augustine, 7 B.R. 565 (BC WD Pa 1980); Re Boozer, 4 B.R. 524 (BC ND Ga 1980); Re Hill, 4 B.R. 310 (BC ND Ohio 1980); Re Curry, 5 B.R. 282 (BC ND Ohio 1980); aff'd on other grounds, 11 B.R. 716 (ND Ohio); Re Dubrock, 5 B.R. 353 (BC WD Ky 1980); Re Farris, 8 B.R. 186 (BC ED Tenn 1981); Re Lamping, 8 B.R. 709 (BC ED Wis 1981); Re Van Gorkom, 4 B.R. 689 (BC SD 1980); Re Kursh, 9 B.R. 801 (BC WD Mo 1981); Re Lovett, 11 B.R. 123 (WD Mo 1981); Augustine v. U.S., 5 C.B.C.2d 542 (WD Pa 1982). See generally 55 A.L.R.Fed. 353, 369-370. But see Re Miller, 8 B.R. 43 (BC WD Mo 1981). Further, even where (as here) the debtor would have no current equity in the property in the absence of the liens sought to be avoided (due to the existence of other, unavoidable liens), the debtor still has an "interest" in the property in the form of his right to possess the property and to build up his equity in the future. Re Chesanow, 25 B.R. 228 (BC Conn 1982).
The second issue is whether defendants hold "liens" on debtor-plaintiff's interest in the residence within the meaning of 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f). We hold that they do. Although the defendants currently cannot enforce their money judgments against the residence, since debtor's equity therein is less than $10,000 (and is in fact zero), N.Y.C.P.L.R. Section 5206(a), the possibility remains that in future debtor's equity in the residence will exceed $10,000, in which case defendants could enforce their money judgments against the residence to the extent of the excess of debtor's equity over $10,000, N.Y.C.P.L.R. 5206(d). Each defendant's potential right to interfere with debtor's future right of possession and right to build up equity, is sufficient to constitute a "lien" on debtor's interest in the residence within the meaning of 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f). Re Chesanow, 25 B.R. 228 (BC Conn 1982).
The third issue is whether defendants' liens "impair an exemption to which the debtor would have been entitled" within the meaning of 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f). We hold that they do not. The liens simply give defendants the right to enforce their money judgments against the residence to the extent of the excess of debtor's equity therein over $10,000, provided that debtor's equity therein is built up to exceed $10,000. N.Y.C.P.L.R. Section 5206. Regardless of whether these liens existed, the residence would be "exempt" pursuant to N.Y.C.P.L.R. 5206 (and hence "exempt" pursuant to 11 U.S.C. Section 522(b)(2)(A), and hence "exempt" within the meaning of 11 U.S.C. Section 522(f)) only in the sense that a money judgment may not be enforced against the residence unless debtor's equity
The Clerk shall enter judgment in favor of defendants-appellees and against debtor-plaintiff-appellant, affirming the order of the Bankruptcy Court appealed from, and denying debtor-plaintiff-appellant's motion to avoid the fixing of certain liens.