MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
ROBERT JOHN HALL, Bankruptcy Judge.
On June 25, 1981, Arthur and Frieda Feiss (the "debtors") filed a joint petition under Chapter 13 of the Bankruptcy Code. 11 U.S.C. § 1301 et seq. (Supp. IV 1980). Both debtors elected the New York State exemptions. Under the New York homestead statute,
The debtors' position is that the Code allows each debtor in a joint case to independently elect either the federal or state system federal or state system of exemptions; that they each elected the New York system; and that under CPLR 5206, each is entitled to exempt his or her $10,000 interest in the residence.
For the reasons hereinafter stated, the Court rules for Republic.
It is certainly true that debtors in a joint case may independently elect the federal or state system of exemptions. Id. 11 U.S.C. § 522(m). Where the debtors have chosen the state system, however, the threshold inquiry must be into what they are entitled to thereunder.
The debtors argue that they may each exempt their $10,000 equity in their home under CPLR 5206. Republic, on the other hand, maintains that the homestead exemption provided for by CPLR 5206 is a $10,000 maximum per family exemption. Consequently, they argue, a $20,000 exemption would be invalid under New York law.
CPLR 5206 was derived from the Homestead Act of 1850. In re Estate of Galcia, 59 Misc.2d 511, 513, 299 N.Y.S.2d 723, 725 (Sur.Ct.1969); see Homestead Act of 1850, ch. 260  N.Y.Laws 499 (replaced by the Code of Civil Procedure 1876). The Homestead Act provided that a lot of land with one or more buildings thereon not exceeding $1000 in value owned and occupied as a residence by a "householder having a family" could be exempted from an execution by recording a designation so specifying in the appropriate County Clerk's office. Id. A "householder", however, had been defined as "the head, master, or person who has charge of, and provides for, a family," Bowne v. Witt, 19 Wend. 475, 475 (Sup.Ct.1838), who was irrebuttably considered to be the man. Eleventh Ann.Rep. N.Y.Jud. Council 267, Leg.Doc. # 15 (1945).
This situation was remedied in 1876 by the adoption of the Code of Civil Procedure. Ch. 448  N.Y.Laws 1 et seq. (replaced by the Civil Practice Act 1920). Section 1397 thereof maintained the householder exemption of the Homestead Act. Section 1399, on the other hand, extended the identical exemption to a married woman. Consequently, as of 1876, it has been theoretically possible for a married couple to argue for a "double" exemption.
Accordingly, the Court has researched the law of New York to determine how the New York courts have determined this issue.
The Court must therefore decide this issue, which evidently is one of first impression in New York,
The traditional wisdom regarding exemptions is that a family can have but one homestead. 31 Am.Jur.2d, Exemptions § 12 (1967); Foster, The Nebraska Homestead, 3 Neb.L.Bull. 109, 126-27 (1924); see, e.g., Ness v. Jones, 10 N.D. 587, 88 N.W. 706, 708 (1901).
As an innovation, the National Conference of Commissioners of Uniform State Laws (the "National Conference") proposed a new $10,000 homestead exemption. Under this statute, where the property is used by multiple owners, the National Conference proposed allowing multiple homesteads; but the aggregate of such was not to exceed $20,000. Uniform Exemption Act § 4.
When New York revised CPLR 5206 in 1977,
As an alternate argument, the debtors rely on Cheeseman v. Nachman, 656 F.2d 60 (4th Cir. 1981) for the proposition that to deny the full $10,000 exemption to each debtor would violate federal law as being inconsistent with section 522(m) of the Code.
In Cheeseman, the Fourth Circuit recently held that both a husband and wife could claim the Virginia homestead exemption thereby "doubling" it. The Cheeseman Court felt that that construction was mandated by the supremacy clause of the Constitution on the grounds that a contrary construction would leave one debtor without any significant exemptions in contravention of both the letter and spirit of the Bankruptcy Code. Id. at 63-64.
Without agreeing or disagreeing with this analysis, the Court finds the instant case distinguishable on a crucial point. Virginia had availed itself of section 522(b)(1) and prohibits their debtors from electing the federal exemptions. Id. at 62. Consequently, if a Virginia debtor were to be denied the Virginia exemptions, he would be left with no exemptions.
This, of course, is not the circumstance in New York where debtors may still elect the federal exemptions. Accordingly, a finding of the unavailability of a New York exemption raises no constitutional issues and is well within the realm of possibilities contemplated by Congress when drafting the Code. See H.R.Rep.No.95-595, 95th Cong., 1st Sess. 126-27 (1977), reprinted in  U.S.Code & Ad.News 5787, 5963, 6087-88.
In that the debtors have claimed as exempt $10,000 more than they are entitled to under New York law, their plan is defective and cannot be confirmed. See note 2 supra. Accordingly, the Court grants the debtors 30 days from the date hereof to submit an amended plan.
N.Y.Civ.Prac.Law § 5206(a), (b) (McKinney 1978 & Supp. 1980-1981).
Uniform Exemption Act § 4(a), (b).