BURCH v. BRINKLEY

No. PP-266.

382 So.2d 440 (1980)

Mae BURCH, Appellant, v. Leo A. BRINKLEY, Jr., Appellee.

District Court of Appeal of Florida, First District.

April 17, 1980.


Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Andrew J. Decker, III of Airth, Sellers & Lewis, Live Oak, for appellant.

S. Austin Peele of Darby, Peele, Page & Bowdoin, Lake City, for appellee.


McCORD, Judge.

Burch appeals from an order dismissing her second amended complaint with prejudice. The order was based upon the grounds that appellant failed to plead facts in the complaint negativing the application of Sections 689.01 and 83.04, Florida Statutes, to allegations in Counts I and II. We reverse.

The trial judge was correct in ruling that § 689.01 controls the validity of the modification of the written lease agreement alleged in Count I, and that, in the absence of a showing of special circumstances, § 83.04 applied to Counts I and II regarding the alleged extension of the lease. Painter v. Town of Groveland, 79 So.2d 765 (Fla. 1955); Leibowitz v. Christo, 75 So.2d 692 (Fla. 1954); Henry v. D.S.M. Co., 352 So.2d 1230 (Fla. 4th DCA 1977); Ledford v. Skinner, 328 So.2d 219 (Fla. 1st DCA 1976). Nevertheless, these two defenses should not have been considered on a motion to dismiss for failure to state a cause of action because they do not appear on the face of the complaint. See Fla.R.Civ.P. 1.110(d). Rather than requiring a plaintiff to negative defenses, the issues should be framed by the complaint, answer, and reply. See Fla.R. Civ.P. 1.100(a) and 1.110(d). This procedure should be followed although we recognize that, if the defenses are not waived, the matter might be disposed of on a motion for judgment on the pleadings or summary judgment, whichever may be appropriate.

Reversed and remanded for proceedings consistent herewith.

LARRY G. SMITH and WENTWORTH, JJ., concur.


Comment

1000 Characters Remaining

Leagle.com reserves the right to edit or remove comments but is under no obligation to do so, or to explain individual moderation decisions.

User Comments

Listed below are the cases that are cited in this Featured Case. Click the citation to see the full text of the cited case. Citations are also linked in the body of the Featured Case.

Cited Cases

  • No Cases Found

Listed below are those cases in which this Featured Case is cited. Click on the case name to see the full text of the citing case.

Citing Cases