These are appeals from four convictions for delivery of methamphetamine, a controlled substance. In each case the court assessed punishment at five years.
Appellant contends that because there is a positive conflict between the Texas Controlled Substances Act and the Federal Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, a conviction under the Texas Act cannot be sustained; he also contends that his convictions violate our state and federal double jeopardy provisions. We overrule these contentions and affirm.
We turn first to appellant's contention that the punishment provisions of the Texas Controlled Substances Act, Art. 4476-15, V.A.C.S., are in "positive conflict" with those of the Federal Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, 21 U.S.C. Sec. 801, et seq.; see especially 21 U.S.C. Sec. 903.
We overruled this precise contention in Wilson v. State, 525 S.W.2d 30 (Tex.Cr.App. 1975), relying on Morse v. State, 502 S.W.2d 805 (Tex.Cr.App.1973), and Stein v. State, 514 S.W.2d 927 (Tex.Cr.App.1974). See also Miller v. State, 537 S.W.2d 725 (Tex.Cr.App. 1976). We decline to overrule the holding in Wilson. Appellant's contention is overruled.
Appellant's remaining contention is that because he was previously convicted in federal court for similar offenses, his convictions in these cases are barred by the state and federal constitutional prohibitions against double jeopardy.
Appellant testified in each case. In our No. 52,995, he testified that he had previously been convicted for a federal drug offense which involved the same transaction as that in No. 52,995. Similarly, in No. 52,998 appellant testified that he had been convicted for federal violations which involved the same transactions as those in our Nos. 52,996 and 52,998.
In Breedlove v. State, 470 S.W.2d 880 (Tex.Cr.App.1971), the defendants were convicted of robbery by firearms. They contended that their prior convictions for the same transaction in federal court barred the subsequent prosecution in our state courts. This Court held, contrary to defendants' contention, that the decisions of the United States Supreme Court in Benton v. Maryland, 395 U.S. 784, 89 S.Ct. 2056, 23 L.Ed.2d 707 (1969), and Waller v. Florida, 397 U.S. 387, 90 S.Ct. 1184, 25 L.Ed.2d 435 (1970), did not overrule the Court's earlier holding in Bartkus v. Illinois, 359 U.S. 121, 79 S.Ct. 676, 3 L.Ed.2d 684 (1959).
In Bartkus the Supreme Court held that the State was not prohibited from prosecuting a defendant for the same bank robbery for which he had previously been tried in federal court. Faced with the same factual setting in Breedlove, this Court followed the holding of Bartkus; in doing so, we quoted with approval from Hill v. Beto, 5 Cir., 390 F.2d 640, 641:
Clearly, this rule applies to the case before us. By committing these deliveries of methamphetamine, this appellant violated both state and federal law, and under the holdings in Bartkus, Breedlove, and Hill, the State may prosecute and punish him for the same conduct which has been the cause of a similar, previous prosecution in federal court.
The State has not cited any cases which apply Bartkus to narcotics offenses, and our research has revealed none.
Such a prohibition was included as Section 24 of our former Texas Narcotic Drug Act [Art. 725b, V.A.P.C. (1925)]. However, an examination of the Texas Controlled Substances Act (Art. 4476-15, V.A.C.S.) reveals no similar provision. Therefore, we hold that there is no longer any statutory bar to the prosecutions in this case. And, since Bartkus and Breedlove make clear that double jeopardy does not bar such
The judgments are affirmed.
Clearly, appellant's motion for new trial was not timely and should not have been heard by the trial court; accordingly, we will not consider it. Art. 40.05, Vernon's Ann.C.C.P.; Jones v. State, supra, and cases there cited.