Nos. 1276-1282, 1284 and 1309, Dockets 76-1113, 76-1119, 76-1124, 76-1127 and 76-1148.

545 F.2d 785 (1976)

UNITED STATES of America, Appellee, v. Francisco Adriano ARMEDO-SARMIENTO, aka Eduardo Sanchez, aka Pacho el Mono, aka Elkin, aka Francisco Velez, et al., Defendants-Appellants.

United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit.

Decided October 28, 1976.

Certiorari Denied March 7, 1977.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Paul E. Warburgh, Jr., New York City, for defendant-appellant Francisco Adriano Armedo-Sarmiento.

Martin Gotkin, New York City (Gerald B. Lefcourt, Rachel H. Wolkenstein, Rosenthal & Herman, P. C., Gilbert S. Rosenthal, Abraham Wilson, Leonard J. Levenson, New York City, of counsel), for defendants-appellants Edgar Restrepo-Botero, Leon Velez and Olegario Montes-Gomez.

Frederick P. Hafetz, New York City (Goldman & Hafetz, New York City, of counsel), for defendants-appellants Libardo Gill and Carmen Gill.

Donald E. Nawi, New York City (Howard L. Jacobs, P. C., New York City, of counsel), for defendant-appellant Ruben Dario Roldan.

Leonard J. Levenson, New York City (Martin Gotkin, New York City, of counsel), for defendant-appellant William Rodriguez-Parra.

Louis A. Tirelli, Spring Valley, N.Y., on submission for defendant-appellant Jorge Gonzalez.

Daniel R. Murdock, Asst. U.S. Atty., New York City (Robert B. Fiske, Jr., U.S. Atty., S. D. N.Y., Peter M. Bloch, Michael Q. Carey, Howard W. Goldstein, Rhea K. Neugarten, Martin B. McNamara, Frederick T. Davis, Asst. U.S. Attys., New York City, of counsel), for appellee.

Before VAN GRAAFEILAND, Circuit Judge, and KELLEHER and GAGLIARDI, District Judges.


Between 1971 and 1975, massive amounts of cocaine and marijuana were smuggled from Colombia, South America into the United States, much of it intended for distribution in New York City. In smaller quantities, these drugs entered the country in such things as false-bottom shoes, suitcases, dog cages, hollowed-out-coat hangers and double-lined undergarments. Larger quantities came in by speedboat...

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