Plaintiffs Fred Gordon and State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company, as judgment creditors of Haywood Culbertson and plaintiff, Speede Ford, Inc., as judgment creditor of Haywood Culbertson and Sue Willie Culbertson, jointly filed this suit. Plaintiffs allege Haywood Culbertson and his mother, Sue Willie Culbertson, entered into a fraudulent conspiracy to transfer immovable property owned by them to Haywood Culbertson's daughter, Charlotte Nell Fitzgerald, in order to screen it from being subject to money judgments obtained by plaintiffs. Other defendants named are Gerald Lee Stone, a third party purchaser of immovable property from Charlotte Nell Fitzgerald and Charles Lee Davis, vendor of immovable property to Charlotte Nell Fitzgerald. From a judgment dismissing plaintiffs' demands, this appeal was perfected.
The record discloses the following facts: On October 15, 1969 Sue Willie Culbertson, a widow, and her son, Haywood Culbertson, owned in equal proportion, a residence and plot of ground near Minden. Haywood Culbertson's interest was subject to his mother's usufruct. He needed money and persuaded his mother to join him in executing a mortgage on the property to secure a loan to him for $2,000. In November, 1969 Culbertson became involved in an automobile accident with Fred Gordon. A suit was filed by Gordon on January 13, 1970 against Culbertson for damages. Gordon's collision insurer, State Farm, also filed suit for damages Culbertson had caused to their insured car. Each suit resulted in judgments for plaintiff.
Speede Ford, Inc. sold Culbertson a car on credit. He and his mother signed a note representing the balance due, after which he defaulted on his payments. On April 23, 1970, Speede Ford filed a foreclosure suit against Culbertson and Sue Willie Culbertson seeking a deficiency judgment. On March 11, 1971 Speede Ford obtained a judgment for the balance due on the car note against Culbertson and his mother. The instant suit was filed by the three plaintiffs April 1, 1971. In the interim certain conveyances were undertaken by Culbertson, Sue Willie Culbertson and Charlotte Nell Fitzgerald.
On January 19, 1970 a deed was signed by Culbertson conveying his interest in the jointly owned property to his mother. The consideration recited was her assumption of the payment of the outstanding mortgage indebtedness.
At the trial Charlotte Nell Fitzgerald testified she knew nothing of her father's accident or the subsequent suits. Her testimony regarding title to the Springhill property in part is as follows:
The facts clearly reveal Stone's purchase of the Minden property was in good faith. In discussing this, the trial court in its opinion clearly and correctly stated Stone's legal position, which we quote:
"* * * However, Gerald Lee Stone was not shown to have had any knowledge whatsoever of the fact that the consideration in the deed from Mrs. Culbertson to her granddaughter was not paid and in this Court's opinion he is a purchaser in good faith on the face of the public records and is entitled to be protected in his ownership.
"The case of Vital, et al. vs. Andrus, et al. (1908) 121 La. 221, 46 So. 217, is very similar to the present case. In that case the plaintiffs brought suit as forced heirs of their father,—that is to say, as quasi creditors of their father—to set aside a tax sale as having been a mere simulation resorted to by their father for putting the property, a small plantation, beyond the reach of his creditors. The suit was filed against the adjudicatees at the tax sale and their vendee, named Austin. The tax sale was made in 1897 and duly recorded, the sale to Austin was made in 1902 and the suit was filed in 1907. The Court said, in holding that the plaintiff could not prevail.
"The Court cited numerous cases, including Broussard v. Broussard, 45 La.Ann. 1085, 13 So. 699, McDuffie v. Walker, 125 La. 152, 51 So. 100 and Vital v. Andrus, supra."
In connection with the Springhill property the judgment creditors seek by parol evidence to bring into the estate of the judgment debtors. Mrs. Culbertson and her son, Haywood Culbertson, real estate that has never formed any part of it. Our courts have clearly laid down the legal rules applicable here. In Hoffman v. Ackermann, 110 La. 1070, 35 So. 293 (1903) the court, on rehearing, stated:
Similarly, in Harvey v. Richard, 200 La. 97, 7 So.2d 674, the court held:
Charlotte Nell Fitzgerald's testimony was given without any objection made. She denies ownership in any other than herself. Application of the legal principles as above stated require the rejection of the parol evidence given to transfer title from Mrs. Fitzgerald to any other person, which leaves this part of plaintiffs' case without proof. It is therefore dismissed.
For the reasons assigned, the judgment of the trial court rejecting all of plaintiffs' demands and dismissing their suit is affirmed at appellants' cost.