BIEGELMEIER, Chief Justice.
After proceedings held pursuant to, and due compliance with, SDCL 13-43-9.1 through 13-43-10.1, the school board of Salem Independent School District (hereafter District) indicated its intention not to renew the contract of Rodney Hall (hereafter referred to as Hall) as Elementary Principal for the 1973-74 school year, and on March 27, 1973, made a final decision not to so rehire him. He was notified in writing of that decision by certified mail, which decision was received by him on March 28, 1973.
By notice of appeal dated June 19, 1973, signed by Hall's attorney directed to the District, Hall gave notice of appeal to the circuit court from the March 27, 1973 decision rendered by the school board. This notice with a bond for $100 was filed with the clerk of courts of McCook County on June 20, 1973. However, copies necessary to be served on the school board were mailed to the sheriff of another county where a similar action was pending. When the mistake was discovered on June 25, 1973, as an affidavit on behalf of Hall relates, instead of seeing that the papers were served that day "rather than take the chance that June 26 might be the 91st day of service", it was nevertheless decided to serve the notice on June 26, 1973, and the notice was so served.
The District promptly made a motion in circuit court to dismiss the appeal on the ground that it was not taken within the time provided by law. The motion was denied by the court. The District gave notice of appeal from that order, and this Court granted its petition for allowance of appeal from that intermediate order. By both court order and the cooperation of counsel the appeal has been expedited for early consideration and decision on the record and briefs submitted to this and the trial court.
The sole question is whether the appeal was taken within the time allowed by law. SDCL 13-46-1 provides:
SDCL 13-46-3, omitting requirements of filing the notice and bond, directs that:
While this definition was adopted by Supreme Court Order, effective July 1, 1966, it but restates the former and long-standing definition. See SDC (1939) 65.0403 and § 10665 of the Revised Code of 1919.
Computing the time under the definition, March 27, 1973, the date the final determination was made, is excluded, leaving four days in March, thirty days in April, thirty-one days in May and twenty-five days in June, for a total of ninety days within which an appeal could be served to comply with the ninety-day requirement of SDCL 13-46-1. Compliance with the ninety-day requirement not having been made, the circuit court acquired no jurisdiction and should have granted the motion to dismiss the appeal.
While it does not affect the ninety-day time period in which an appeal may be taken under SDCL 13-46-1, it cannot be said the action of the school board was unexpected. To detail the proceedings, the record shows that on February 12, 1973, the school board by resolution directed notice by certified mail to be given Hall of its intention not to renew his contract for the 1973-74 school term. Evidently, guided by SDCL 13-43-10,
Middle Creek School District No. 18 v. Butte County Board of Education, 1968, 83 S.D. 107, 155 N.W.2d 450, presented the procedure for appeals from a decision of a county board of education. The court there wrote:
Footnote 3 states:
The two sections to which the court refers, so far as pertinent to an appeal from a decision of a school board are the same as our present statutes SDCL 13-6-89 and SDCL 13-46-1. The former uses the words "entitled to appeal such decision within ninety days" and the latter uses the words "an appeal may be taken * * * within ninety days after the rendering of such decision." Construing these statutes, the court wrote:
It may be well to examine various appeal statutes to determine what they require and do not require. Appeals from decisions of school boards are not governed by statutes referring to appeals from orders or judgments of courts. Controversies in court are determined by an order or judgment, and an appeal is only allowed from "orders" and "judgments" as defined by RCP 58, infra, and limited by SDCL 15-26-1. A court order or judgment is not complete or effective until it is "reduced to writing, signed by the court or judge, attested by the clerk and filed in his office." RCP 58 (SDCL 15-6-58).
SDCL 15-26-2, relating to an appeal from a court decision, expressly states that the appeal must be taken within sixty days "after written notice of the filing of the order shall have been given to the party appealing", thus expressly stating when the time for appeal begins as the time when
To summarize, SDCL 13-46-1 does not state an appeal may be taken within ninety days after written notice is given to an aggrieved person; it does state that an appeal may be taken "within ninety days after the rendering of such decision." (emphasis supplied). Definitions of render in the sense there used mean to "state or deliver", Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, or to "pronounce formally", American Heritage Dictionary (1969). SDCL 13-8-33 settles this by providing:
See Hanson v. Harrisburg Ind. School District, 86 S.D. 42, 56, 190 N.W.2d 843, 851.
While we regard our Middle Creek School District No. 18 decision, supra, construing the statutes involved here as controlling, attention is called to an opinion involving a statute requiring an appeal from an award of a Workmen's Compensation Board to be filed within twenty days of its rendition where the court held the date of the award was the date of its rendition and the appeal was not timely taken. Carnahan Oil & Refining Co. v. Miller, 232 Ky. 78, 22 S.W.2d 430. Cf. American Fruit Growers, Inc. v. Lewis D. Goldstein F. & P. Corporation, D.C.Pa., 78 F.Supp. 309.
The circuit court should have granted the District's motion to dismiss the appeal, and the order denying the motion is reversed and the proceeding is remanded to the circuit court for further proceedings.
WINANS and WOLLMAN, JJ., concur.
DOYLE and DUNN, JJ., dissent.
DOYLE, Justice (dissenting).
The sole question before the court is at what point does the appellant's time for appeal begin to run. The majority holds that an appeal must be taken within ninety days after the school board has rendered its decision. I cannot agree. This holding totally disregards SDCL 13-43-10.1, which in applicable part provides:
It is my opinion a teacher must first receive the written notice as the above statute requires before the ninety-day time for appeal begins to run. Under the rationale of the majority opinion, a school board could conceivably dismiss a teacher in executive session, give no written notice as required by SDCL 13-43-10.1, wait until ninety days have elapsed, notify the teacher of its decision and the teacher could never have a court hearing on the fact that
Furthermore, as I understand the majority opinion, it attempts to justify the result reached in the pretext the appellant was well aware of the actions of the school board. This is wholly immaterial in that SDCL 13-43-10.1 mandates that written notice be given.
I am authorized to state that Justice DUNN joins in this dissent.