BUTZNER, Circuit Judge:
John Moore appealed an order of the district court, entered pursuant to Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, enjoining him from discriminating against Negroes in the operation of Moore's Barbecue Restaurant. The action was brought by Negroes who had been denied service on account of their race. Moore admits he does not serve Negroes, but he contends that the operations of his restaurant do not have a substantial effect upon interstate commerce and that the district court lacked constitutional and statutory authority to grant the injunction. We affirm the order of the district court and remand the case for the allowance of counsel fees to the plaintiffs.
Also on the premises are much larger signs bearing the name of the restaurant. Moore advertises extensively on the radio and in newspapers. A newspaper in which he advertises is given to all persons who register in a New Bern motel. Neither the large signs nor the advertisements mention the origin of the food that is served or place any restrictions on clientele.
Moore testified that if he determined that prospective customers were interstate travelers, he refused service. He admitted, however, that not every interstate traveler could be excluded.
Six white persons testified that they had been served at the restaurant without being questioned concerning their interstate status. All six were strangers to Moore and his employees. One of the witnesses came from Washington, D. C., the day before the trial. The other five witnesses, four of them nonresidents of North Carolina temporarily working in the state, had visited the restaurant on two separate occasions in groups of two and three.
Section 201 of the Act [42 U.S.C. § 2000a] provides in part:
The three grounds for coverage found in subsection (c) are in the alternative. Only the third, the movement in commerce of a substantial portion of food, requires a showing of substantiality.
Moore argues that in the absence of a direct and substantial connection between his operation and interstate commerce, an injunction was constitutionally impermissible. The constitutional issues raised by this argument have been foreclosed. In the first place, the fact that Moore serves, or offers to serve, interstate travelers provides a sufficient constitutional basis for subjecting him to the Act. Congress has plenary power to regulate this phase of interstate commerce. Cf. Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, 379 U.S. 241, 253, 85 S.Ct. 348, 13 L.Ed.2d 258 (1964). Secondly, the triviality of the impact of Moore's restaurant upon interstate commerce does not preclude application of the Act. The effect upon interstate commerce of Moore's business combined with that of similar establishments is not trivial. This circumstance also affords a basis for Congressional regulation. Cf. Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294, 299, 85 S.Ct. 377, 13 L.Ed.2d 290 (1964); Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111, 127, 63 S.Ct. 82, 87 L.Ed. 122 (1942).
The district judge did not allow the plaintiffs counsel fees. After his decision, the Supreme Court held that "one who succeeds in obtaining an injunction under * * * [Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964] should ordinarily recover an attorney's fee unless special circumstances would render such an award unjust." Newman v. Piggie Park Enterprises, 390 U.S. 400, 402, 88 S.Ct. 964, 966, 19 L.Ed.2d 1263 (1968). These circumstances do not appear in this case, and upon remand the district court should include reasonable counsel fees as part of the costs.
As modified, the judgment is
"Q. Do you serve anyone whom you determine to be from outside of North Carolina? A. No, sir.
"Q. Mr. Moore, can you keep out every person who is from outside of North Carolina? A. It is impossible for me to keep everyone out.
"Q. For example today, suppose someone should come to your place of business who is walking, and just walks in at the rush hour, and giving no indication of driving a car of any kind.
"Would that person be served? A. Well, I would think that he wouldn't be an — excuse me. Yes, sir. We would not think that would be an interstate traveler."