Transferred to Supreme Court September 13, 1965.
Supreme Court opinion filed December 20, 1967, 249 Ind. 251.
This is an appeal from an action instituted by appellees, husband and wife, for the adoption of a minor. Appellee, Doris Jean Oglesby is the natural mother of said
Appellant's assignment of errors averred manifest error in the judgment and proceedings in that the court erred in overruling appellant's motion for a new trial.
We must hold that this appeal should be transferred to the Supreme Court of Indiana because of a 1963 amendment to Burns' § 4-214 being the Acts of 1901, ch. 247, § 9, p. 565; 1907, ch. 148, § 1, p. 237; 1915, ch. 76, § 1, p. 149; 1925, ch. 201, § 1, p. 487; 1963, ch. 279, § 1, p. 424. Burns' § 4-214, supra, states in part as follows:
Considering the rule that terms in a statute must be given their usual meaning unless a contrary intention is clearly shown within that statute (Overlade, Warden, etc. v. Wells (1955), 234 Ind. 436, 445, 127 N.E.2d 686) it is obvious that the legislature has statutorily placed original jurisdiction of appeals from judgments in adoption in the Supreme Court of Indiana. A judgment in adoption is certainly a judgment "in which an award is made concerning the permanent care and custody of a minor child." The recent Indiana Supreme Court case of Risner et al. v. Risner et al. (1963), 243 Ind. 581, 189 N.E.2d 105 holds that a judgment in adoption is final. Thus, the award of the minor child to the adopting parents is "permanent" within the meaning of § 4-214, supra. The term "adoption" is defined as
Thus, the adoptive parents are caring and keeping the adopted child thereby obtaining the "custody"
"When the purpose of an act is expressed in clear and unambiguous terms, this must be accepted as the solemn declaration of the sovereign." Roth v. Local Union No. 1460 of Retail Clerks Union (1939), 216 Ind. 363, 369-370, 24 N.E.2d 280.
§ 4-214, supra, is clear and unambiguous and must be accepted as binding on this court in that the terms of such statute clearly bring judgments in adoption within its purview as being in that class of cases directly appealable to the Supreme Court of Indiana.
Therefore, pursuant to Burns' § 4-217 being the Acts of 1901, ch. 247, § 13, p. 565, this cause is hereby transferred to the Supreme Court of Indiana.
Bierly, C.J., Mote and Smith, JJ., concur.
NOTE. — Reported in 210 N.E.2d 56.