SHOLOM & ZUCKERBROT QUEENS LEASING CORP. v. FORATE REALTY CORP.


29 A.D.2d 571 (1967)

Sholom & Zuckerbrot Queens Leasing Corp., Appellant, v. Forate Realty Corp., Respondent

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Second Department.

December 29, 1967


As so modified, order affirmed, without costs.

The oral agreement alleged by defendant in opposing the third cause of action was without valuable consideration to plaintiff because defendant's oral promise to give a mortgage on its building was unenforcible (General Obligations Law, § 5-703; cf. Bateman Fuel Oil Serv. v. Sklaver, 6 A.D.2d 868). Plaintiff, not having accepted a new obligation and security, was not obliged to forbear enforcement of the September 12, 1966 promissory note. Plaintiff's first cause of action, to recover the full amount of the commission, is based upon an agreement which was modified or superseded by the letter agreement of November 1, 1965, providing for payment in three installments, and should have been dismissed. Plaintiff's second cause of action, also for the full commission, is based on the theory of anticipatory breach, alleging a default in payment of the first installment due under the letter agreement. The theory of anticipatory breach has no application to this contract for periodic payment of money; and recovery is limited to the payments due as of commencement of the action (Sinkwich v. Drew & Co., 9 A.D.2d 42, 46; McCann v. Hancock Mut. Life Ins. Co., 48 Misc.2d 325, 326). Secondly, the parties agree that the promissory note of September 12, 1966 was delivered and accepted in payment of the first installment due under the letter agreement. Taking the note in payment, and not merely as evidence of the debt, extinguished the debt and defendant was not in default under the agreement (Industrial Bank of Commerce v. Shapiro, 276 App. Div. 370, 372, affd. 302 N.Y. 566).


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