MARSHALL v. REBERT'S POULTRY RANCH & EGG SALES

No. 194.

150 S.E.2d 423 (1966)

268 N.C. 223

Troy MARSHALL (Administrator of Veterans Affairs, Intervenor) v. REBERT'S POULTRY RANCH & EGG SALES and Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company.

Supreme Court of North Carolina.

October 12, 1966.


Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Robert L. Scott, Charlotte, for defendant appellants.

The Veterans Facility did not file a brief and was not permitted to participate in the oral argument. However, the United States Attorney filed a motion to dismiss the appeal.


HIGGINS, Justice.

The defendants admit responsibility for the claimant's injury. They deny, however, liability to the Administrator of Veterans Affairs for the cost of treatment. The sole question presented by the appeal is whether the Administrator is entitled to require the employer and its insurance carrier to pay the bill for treating the indigent veteran's injuries resulting from his accident. The Veteran, being unable to pay for treatment, was entitled to such treatment at a Veterans Hospital free of charge. The claimant was admitted to the hospital upon a proper application.

By Congressional authorization, 38 U.S.C. § 610(a) (1), the Administrator of Veterans Affairs may provide medical care for eligible veterans who are unable to pay for such care. Section 621 authorizes the Administrator to prescribe rules and regulations governing the furnishing of hospital care. Under this authority the Administrator has provided that veterans will not be treated free of charge where there is liability: (1) against a third party; (2) against an employer under workmen's compensation; or (3) against an insurer. Veterans Regulation 6047(D), 6048(F) (1), 38 Code of Federal Regulations §§ 17.47 and 17.48(f).

The treatment which the Veterans facility furnished in this case was for a compensable injury—not for a service-connected or any other disability. The treatment began on the day of the injury, which arose out of and in the course of his employment. The bill was duly approved by the medical officer and by the Industrial Commission which ordered it paid to the Administrator of Veterans Affairs who had intervened.

This Court has never passed on the right of the Administrator of Veterans Affairs to require an employer to pay for the medical treatment furnished an indigent veteran for injury resulting from an industrial accident. Other courts, however, have passed on the question and have allowed the Administrator of Veterans Affairs to recover from the employer a reasonable charge for the treatment of an indigent veteran who was the victim of a compensable accident. In such case the Industrial Commission has jurisdiction to allow the claim and to order it paid as a part of the employer's liability. Stafford v. Pabco Products, Inc., and United States of America, Intervenor, 53 N.J.Super. 300, 147 A.2d 286 (1958); Brauer, Veterans Administration et al. v. J. C. White Concrete Co., Employers Mutual Casualty Co. et al., 253 Iowa 1304, 115 N.W.2d 202 (1962); Higley v. Schlessman, 292 P.2d 411 (Okl.).

We conclude that the Congress intended to provide free hospital treatment for indigent ex-servicemen who were in need of, but were unable to pay for, hospital treatment. This provision was made in consideration of the Veteran's previous service to his country. It does not, and was not intended to, relieve an employer of his statutory duty to provide medical treatment for his injured employees. In this case the North Carolina Industrial Commission approved the claim and ordered it paid. On appeal, Judge Fountain overruled all exceptions and entered judgment affirming the award. The judgment is

Affirmed.


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