REVERSED AND REMANDED.
This is a suit brought by the plaintiffs as owners of real property situated in Tillamook county to perpetually enjoin the defendants from entering into and upon their property and logging and removing the timber thereon.
The defendants by answer ask that the injunction be denied and that the agreement of the parties be declared valid, or, in the alternative, that they have damages for the plaintiffs' breach of the contract.
The injunction was denied, plaintiffs' complaint dismissed, and judgment entered for the defendants for damages for breach of the contract.
The plaintiffs appeal.
1. This is a suit in equity and triable here de novo.
2. We are of the opinion that the evidence discloses a joint venture between the defendants Art and Pat Moothart, as to the agreement with the plaintiffs, and the court correctly required that Pat Moothart be made a party to this suit.
The parties commenced operations under their oral agreement and the defendants entered upon the land, constructed a road, cut and removed a portion of the timber, for which the plaintiffs were paid, and had felled other trees which they were not permitted to remove when this suit was commenced.
The plaintiffs devoted a great deal of time in an effort to prove that the defendants had breached their agreement by not cutting and removing the timber in a prompt, diligent and efficient manner as they claimed had been agreed upon between the parties.
3. The trial court found that there was no breach of the agreement by the defendants, and with this conclusion we agree.
4. A sale of standing timber is the sale of an interest in real property. Anderson v. Miami Lumber Co., 59 Or. 149, 116 P 1056; Belt v. Matson, 120 Or. 313, 252 P 80; Seguin v. Maloney-Chambers Lumber Co., 198 Or. 272, 253 P.2d 252.
5-7. The agreement between the parties in this suit was oral, but, whether written or oral, the result would
8, 9. However, the license is revocable only as to its unexecuted portion and is irrevocable as to the portion executed.
11. The plaintiffs are entitled to a decree enjoining the defendants from trespassing upon their premises, except to the extent of their right to remove trees felled prior to the commencement of this suit, and for a further decree permanently enjoining the defendants from falling any of the growing timber on the said premises.
The decree should provide for the right of the defendants to remove the timber severed prior to the commencement of this suit, or, if this timber, or any part thereof, has been converted by the plaintiffs, then a judgment should be entered in favor of the defendants and against the plaintiffs for the value thereof.
This cause is reversed and remanded with instructions to take such action as is consistent with this opinion.