MATHEWS, Circuit Judge.
Called as witnesses before a grand jury in the United States District Court for the Southern District of California, appellants refused to answer questions there propounded to them and persisted in such refusal after being ordered by the court to answer the questions. Thereupon civil contempt proceedings were instituted against them and, after a hearing, judgments
The appeals were taken on October 28, 1948. On October 29, 1948, counsel for appellants presented to a single judge of this court (Chief Judge Denman) a petition entitled "Petition for orders of stay of execution or supersedeas, or in the alternative for orders releasing petitioners [appellants] on bail, or in the alternative for writs of habeas corpus." The petition was addressed to Judge Denman and prayed that he make and enter an "order of stay of execution or supersedeas upon the posting of reasonable security pending petitioners' appeals," or that he "fix reasonable bail and order petitioners released pending appeal upon the posting of the bail so fixed," or that he issue a writ of habeas corpus. The petition was heard by Judge Denman in chambers on October 29, 1948, and was filed with the clerk of this court on November 1, 1948.
On November 1, 1948, Judge Denman made, signed and filed with the clerk of this court two orders — one relating to appellant Alexander and one relating to appellants Bissey, Bock, Dobbs, Forest, Kasinowitz, Noble, Sherman, Smith and Steinberg. On November 2, 1948, Judge Denman made, signed and filed with the clerk of this court an order amending his orders of November 1, 1948. As thus amended, Judge Denman's orders of November 1, 1948, purported to stay the judgments
On November 9, 1948, appellee, the United States, filed with the clerk of this court a motion entitled "Motion to set aside stay of execution." Therein the judgments were described and referred to as the "judgment," and Judge Denman's orders of November 1 and 2, 1948, were described and referred to as "an order filed November 2, 1948, staying the execution of the judgment." The motion prayed "that the stay of execution heretofore entered be set aside." Thus, in effect, the motion was one to vacate and set aside Judge Denman's orders of November 1 and 2, 1948. The motion was heard by us on November 22, 1948.
We know of no statute or rule of court, and appellants cite none, empowering a judge of a court of appeals to make such orders as Judge Denman's orders of November 1 and 2, 1948.
Appellants cite §§ 1000 and 1007 of the Revised Statutes, 28 U.S.C.A. §§ 869 and 874, and § 1 of the Act of January 31, 1928, c. 14, 45 Stat. 54, 28 U.S.C.A. § 861a. These sections were repealed by § 39 of the Act of June 25, 1948, c. 646, Public Law 773, effective September 1, 1948, 62 Stat. 992.
Appellants cite § 2 of the Act of January 31, 1928, as amended by the Act of April 26, 1928, c. 440, 45 Stat. 466, 28 U.S.C.A. § 861b.
Appellants cite Rule 46(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, 18 U.S.C.A. The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure apply to criminal proceedings.
Appellants cite Rules 62(g) and 73(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, 28 U.S.C.A. Rule 62(g) does not confer or purport to confer any power whatever. Rule 73(d) does not confer or purport to confer any power on a judge of a court of appeals.
Appellants cite Rule 36 of the Supreme Court, 28 U.S.C.A., and Rule 9 of this court and argue that, by Rule 9, this court adopted Rule 36. Appellants are mistaken. Rule 9 merely provides that "The practice [in this court] shall be the same as in the Supreme Court of the United States, so far as the same shall be applicable." Rule 36 provides for the allowance of appeals taken to the Supreme Court by petition
We have found no case holding that a judge of a court of appeals has power to make such orders as Judge Denman's orders of November 1 and 2, 1948. There was no such holding in Peugh v. Davis, 110 U.S. 227, 4 S.Ct. 17, 28 L.Ed. 127; In re Claasen, 140 U.S. 200, 11 S.Ct. 735, 35 L.Ed. 409; In re McKenzie, 180 U.S. 536, 21 S.Ct. 468, 45 L.Ed. 657; Tornanses v. Melsing, 9 Cir., 106 F. 775; Tinkoff v. United States, 7 Cir., 86 F.2d 868, or in any of the other cases cited by appellants.
We conclude that Judge Denman had no power to make his orders of November 1 and 2, 1948.
Whether this court could make such orders, if requested to do so, need not be decided,
The motion is granted, and Judge Denman's orders of November 1 and 2, 1948, are vacated and set aside.