No. ___.

320 U.S. 219 (1943)


Supreme Court of United States.

Decided October 18, 1943.


The applications are severally denied.

In these cases petitioners invoke the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred on this Court by 28 U.S.C. §§ 377, 451, to issue writs of habeas corpus in aid of its appellate jurisdiction. Cf. Ex parte Peru, 318 U.S. 578, 582-3. That jurisdiction is discretionary, id. 584; Bowen v. Johnston, 306 U.S. 19, 27, and this Court does not, save in exceptional circumstances, exercise it in cases where an adequate remedy may be had in a lower federal court, Ex parte Current, 314 U.S. 578; Ex parte Spaulding, 317 U.S. 593; Ex parte Hawk, 318 U.S. 746, or, if the relief sought is from the judgment of a state court, where the petitioner has not exhausted his remedies in the state courts, Mooney v. Holohan, 294 U.S. 103, 115; Ex parte Botwinski, 314 U.S. 586; Ex parte Davis, 317 U.S. 592, 318 U.S. 412; Ex parte Williams, 317 U.S. 604. Refusal of the writ, without more, is not an adjudication on the merits and is to be taken as without prejudice to an application to any other court for the relief sought.


* Together with No. ___, Ex parte Dexter C. Dayton; No. ___, Ex parte Frederick T. Hansen and Sam Bonjiorno; No. ___, Ex parte Floyd J. Kesling; No. ___, Ex parte Louis Burall; No. ___, Ex parte Oliver Gobin; No. ___, Ex parte Peter J.C. Donnelly; No. ___, Ex parte Alfred Maurice; No. ___, Ex parte Sol Goldsmith; No. ___, Ex parte Paul Davis; No. ___, Ex parte Robert Hutto; No. ___, Ex parte Alfred Friters; No. ___, Ex parte Wilfred Doza; No. ___, Ex parte R.J. Hughes; and No. ___, Ex parte John Russell Miller, also on motions for leave to file petitions for writs of habeas corpus.


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