TAYLOR v. ARMCO STEEL CORPORATION
373 F.Supp. 885 (1973)
John TAYLOR et al., Plaintiffs, Alfred James et al., Intervenors,
ARMCO STEEL CORPORATION et al., Defendants.
Civ. A. No. 68-H-129.
United States District Court, S. D. Texas, Houston Division.
September 14, 1973.
Mandell & Wright (Arthur J. Mandell), McDonald & McDonald (Gabrielle K. McDonald), Houston, Tex., for plaintiffs & intervenors.
Butler, Binion, Rice, Cook & Knapp (George W. Rice), Houston, Tex., Dixie, Wolf & Hall (Chris Dixie), Houston, Tex., for defendants.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
SEALS, District Judge.PREFACE
"As a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights * * * * If the United States mean to obtain or deserve the full praise due to wise and just governments, they will equally respect the rights of property, and the property in rights." James Madison, in the National Gazette, March 29, 1792.BACKGROUND
This is a class action suit under Rule 23(b)(2), F.R.Civ.P., by and on behalf of certain black employees of Armco Steel against their employer and their collective bargaining representative, United Steelworkers of America, AFL-CIO, Local 2708, and its parent organization, the United Steelworkers of America, AFL-CIO, for alleged racial discrimination in the seniority and promotion/demotion systems at the Armco plant in violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. The Court has jurisdiction of the parties and subject matter. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331, 1343(4) and 42 U.S. C. § 2000e-5(f).
The Plaintiffs and Plaintiff-Intervenors will be referred to collectively as
"the Plaintiffs" or will be identified by their surnames where appropriate. The Defendants will be referred to as "Armco," "the International" and "the Local." The Defendant Armco is an employer within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. § 2000e(b). The Defendant International and the Defendant Local are labor organizations within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. § 2000e(d) and (e).