Plaintiff previously held real estate broker licenses, individually and on behalf of his corporation.
Supreme Court granted motions to dismiss and/or for summary judgment made by various defendants and summarily dismissed the complaint as against all defendants pursuant to CPLR 3212 (b). Plaintiff now appeals and defendants Edward S. Lomanto, Patricia Sherman and Realty USA-Capital District Agency, Inc. cross-appeal insofar as Supreme Court's order failed to grant their requests for an award of sanctions and counsel fees.
We affirm. As the movants for summary judgment, defendants bear the initial burden of demonstrating their entitlement to judgment as a matter of law; only upon such showing does the burden shift to plaintiff to demonstrate the existence of a triable issue of fact (see Alvarez v Prospect Hosp., 68 N.Y.2d 320, 324, 326 ; Zuckerman v City of New York, 49 N.Y.2d 557, 562 ; Friends of Animals v Associated Fur Mfrs., 46 N.Y.2d 1065, 1068 ).
Here, defendants do not deny making the statements in question. However, such statements are not actionable for a number of reasons. The majority of the statements made by defendants were statements of opinion and, therefore, are deemed to be privileged (see Mann v Abel, 10 N.Y.3d 271, 276 , cert denied 555 US ___, 129 S.Ct. 1315 ; Weiner v Doubleday & Co., 74 N.Y.2d 586, 593 , cert denied 495 U.S. 930 ; Versaci v Richie, 30 A.D.3d 648, 648 , lv denied 7 N.Y.3d 710 ). Furthermore, plaintiff's name did not become part of any conversation with defendants unless and until Hills inquired
In addition, defendants demonstrated the existence of a qualified privilege in that they had a good faith bona fide interest in the statements they were making (see Curren v Carbonic Sys., Inc., 58 A.D.3d 1104, 1106 ; Sanderson v Bellevue Maternity Hosp., 259 A.D.2d 888, 889 ) because many of the questions asked by Hills, while posing as a purchaser or seller inquiring about real estate and legal services, required defendants to compare their services to services provided by plaintiff. Plaintiff failed to overcome the qualified privilege with proof that defendants spoke with actual malice (see Sanderson v Bellevue Maternity Hosp., 259 AD2d at 890). Plaintiff also failed to demonstrate the falsity of any of the statements (see Roche v Claverack Coop. Ins. Co., 59 AD3d at 916). In fact, many of the statements are consistent with the findings made by the Department of State.
Turning to the cross appeals, we disagree with the contentions of Lomanto, Sherman and Realty USA that Supreme Court's failure to address their motions for sanctions and counsel fees was reversible error. A court's failure to specifically address a motion or a part thereof is equivalent to a denial (see Matter of Longton v Village of Corinth, 49 A.D.3d 995, 995-996 ; Pyptiuk v Kramer, 295 A.D.2d 768, 769 n ; Geloso v Monster, 289 A.D.2d 746, 747 , lv denied 98 N.Y.2d 601 ). Moreover, whether to award sanctions or counsel fees is "a matter committed to the trial court's sound discretion" (Ireland v GEICO Corp., 2 A.D.3d 917, 919 ) based upon the specific facts and circumstances of the case (see 22 NYCRR 130-1.1 [a], [b]; McMahon v Thornton, 69 A.D.3d 1157, 1160 ). On the record before us, while plaintiff's arguments are unconvincing, we cannot say that his claims are so clearly frivolous (see 22 NYCRR 130-1.1 [c]; Matter of Garett YY., 258 A.D.2d 702, 704 ; Stern v Ofori-Okai, 246 A.D.2d 807, 809 ) as to warrant a finding that Supreme Court's failure to award sanctions constituted an abuse of discretion.
Ordered that order is affirmed, without costs.