No. 117 SSM 13.

18 N.Y.3d 940 (2012)

967 N.E.2d 675

944 N.Y.S.2d 452

2012 NY Slip Op 2254


Court of Appeals of New York.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Hunton & Williams LLP, New York City ( Joseph J. Saltarelli , Shawn Patrick Regan and Jennifer L. Cummins of counsel), and Irell & Manella LLP, Newport Beach, California ( Bruce A. Wessel , John Hueston and Moez M. Kaba of counsel), for appellant.

Meister Seelig & Fein LLP, New York City ( Stephen B. Meister , Thomas L. Friedman and Remy J. Stocks of counsel), for respondent.

Theodore Hadzi-Antich and Deborah J. La Fetra , Sacramento, California, for Pacific Legal Foundation, amicus curiae.

Chief Judge LIPPMAN and Judges CIPARICK, GRAFFEO, READ, PIGOTT and JONES concur in memorandum; Judge SMITH taking no part.



The judgment of Supreme Court appealed from and the order of the Appellate Division brought up for review should be reversed, with costs, and defendant's motion to dismiss plaintiff's General Business Law §§ 349 and 350 causes of action denied. To successfully assert a claim under General Business Law § 349 (h) or § 350, "a plaintiff must allege that a defendant has engaged in (1) consumer-oriented conduct that is (2) materially misleading and that (3) plaintiff suffered injury as a result of the allegedly deceptive act or practice" (City of New York v Smokes-Spirits.Com, Inc., 12 N.Y.3d 616, 621 [2009]; see Goshen v Mutual Life Ins. Co. of N.Y., 98 N.Y.2d 314, 324 n 1 [2002]). Here, plaintiff sufficiently pleaded such causes of action, and the disclaimers set forth in defendant's catalogs "do not . . . bar [plaintiff's] claims for deceptive trade practices at this stage of the proceedings, as they do not establish a defense as a matter of law" (Goshen, 98 NY2d at 326; see Gaidon v Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 94 N.Y.2d 330, 345 [1999]).

To the extent that the Appellate Division order imposed a reliance requirement on General Business Law §§ 349 and 350 claims, it was error. Justifiable reliance by the plaintiff is not an element of the statutory claim (see Small v Lorillard Tobacco Co., 94 N.Y.2d 43, 55 [1999], citing Oswego Laborers' Local 214 Pension Fund v Marine Midland Bank, 85 N.Y.2d 20, 26 [1995]).

On review of submissions pursuant to section 500.11 of the Rules of the Court of Appeals (22 NYCRR 500.11), judgment appealed from and order of the Appellate Division brought up for review reversed, etc.


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