KA 11-00007

84 A.D.3d 1716 (2011)

922 N.Y.S.2d 724


Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department.

It is hereby ordered that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.

Memorandum: On appeal from a judgment convicting him upon a jury verdict of manslaughter in the first degree (Penal Law § 125.20 [1]) and criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree (§ 265.02 [1]), defendant contends that he was denied a fair trial based on the prosecutor's cross-examination of his wife concerning her prior employment as an exotic dancer. We agree with defendant that such questions were improper. Employment as an exotic dancer does not constitute a prior bad act for the purposes of cross-examination, and those questions were not relevant to any other issue in the case. We conclude, however, "that the prosecutor's misconduct did not cause such substantial prejudice to the defendant that he has been denied due process of law" (People v Stabell, 270 A.D.2d 894, 894 [2000], lv denied 95 N.Y.2d 804 [2000] [internal quotation marks omitted]; see People v Rubin, 101 A.D.2d 71, 77 [1984], lv denied 63 N.Y.2d 711 [1984]; People v Mott, 94 A.D.2d 415, 418-419 [1983]). "In this case, the misconduct was not pervasive and was limited in nature" (Rubin, 101 AD2d at 77). Defendant's further contention that he was denied a fair trial based upon two identical instances of prosecutorial misconduct is not preserved for our review (see CPL 470.05 [2]) and, in any event, it is without merit. Although County Court overruled defense counsel's objection with respect to the first of those instances, it responded to his subsequent objection by giving the jury a curative instruction. Defense counsel neither objected to that instruction nor moved for a mistrial.

We reject defendant's contention that his right of confrontation was violated when the court limited his cross-examination of a police detective regarding the methods used by the police to take witness statements. That detective interviewed only one witness and was not present for the interviews of other witnesses, and defense counsel was able to cross-examine all witnesses regarding the inconsistencies between their trial testimony and their statements to the police. Thus, under the circumstances of this case, we conclude that the court did not abuse its discretion in limiting defendant's cross-examination of the detective in question (see generally People v Taylor, 214 A.D.2d 757 [1995], lv denied 87 N.Y.2d 851 [1995]). Finally, the sentence is not unduly harsh or severe.


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