Supreme Court of Georgia.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Roberto Baez , for Appellant.

Dennis R. Dunn , for Appellee.

H. Gibbs Flanders , DUBLIN CICRUIT SUPERIOR COURT, for Appellee.

Russell David Willard , for Appellee.

Christopher M. Carr , for Appellee.

Susan Rose Haynes , for Appellee.

Therese S. Barnes , GEORGIA SUPREME COURT, for Other Party.


Roberto Baez attempted to file a petition in the Superior Court of Johnson County against Chief Judge H. Gibbs Flanders, Jr.,1 but Judge Flanders determined that the petition failed to present any serious claim, and so, he ordered that it not be filed.2 Baez appeals,3 and we vacate the order that disallowed filing and remand for a different judge to review the petition and determine whether filing ought to be allowed. "[N]o man can be a judge in his own case," Williams v. Pennsylvania, ___ U. S. ___, ___ (II) (A) (136 S.Ct. 1899, 195 LE2d 132) (2016) (citation omitted), and Judge Flanders was not authorized to disallow filing of a petition in which he was named as the respondent. See Brown v. Johnson, 251 Ga. 436, 437 (306 S.E.2d 655) (1983). See also Graham v. Cavender, 252 Ga. 123, 123 (311 S.E.2d 832) (1984). Judge Flanders "should not have presided over or ruled upon this matter, and . . . the order[] entered by [him] in this case must be declared void and ordered vacated." Smith v. Guest Pond Club, 277 Ga. 143, 147 (2) (586 S.E.2d 623) (2003).4

Judgment vacated and case remanded with direction. All the Justices concur, except Grant, J., not participating.


1. By his petition, Baez sought a writ of mandamus to compel Judge Flanders to rule on a motion for reconsideration in a habeas case.
2. Because Baez attempted to file the petition without counsel and without paying a filing fee, his petition was subject to OCGA § 9-15-2 (d), which provides: When a civil action is presented for filing under this Code section [pertaining to filings by indigent persons unable to pay filing fees] by a party who is not represented by an attorney, the clerk of court shall not file the matter but shall present the complaint or other initial pleading to a judge of the court. The judge shall review the pleading and, if the judge determines that the pleading shows on its face such a complete absence of any justiciable issue of law or fact that it cannot be reasonably believed that the court could grant any relief against any party named in the pleading, then the judge shall enter an order denying filing of the pleading. If the judge does not so find, then the judge shall enter an order allowing filing and shall return the pleading to the clerk for filing as in other cases. An order denying filing shall be appealable in the same manner as an order dismissing an action.
3. Baez filed an application for discretionary review of the order that disallowed filing, and we granted his application. See OCGA § 42-12-8.
4. We recently warned that, despite some dicta to the contrary in Smith, a motion to recuse must be filed within the time required by Uniform Superior Court Rule 25.1 to preserve a judicial disqualification issue. See v. James, 298 Ga. 420, 422 (1) (782 S.E.2d 284) (2016). In this case, however, Judge Flanders denied filing of the initial petition, and Baez had no opportunity to file a motion to recuse in the trial court. Baez raised the disqualification of Judge Flanders at the earliest opportunity — in his application for discretionary review of the order that disallowed filing.


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