DIXON v. BARNES

No. 1:17-cv-00562-AWI-GSA-PC.

NORMAN DIXON, Plaintiff, v. RON BARNES, et al., Defendants.

United States District Court, E.D. California.

Editors Note
Applicable Law: 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Cause: 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Prisoner Civil Rights
Nature of Suit: 550 Prisoner: Civil Rights
Source: PACER


Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Norman Dixon, Plaintiff, Pro Se.


ORDER ADDRESSING PLAINTIFF'S REQUEST TO ADD AFFIDAVITS TO COMPLAINT

(ECF No. 11.)

ORDER INFORMING PLAINTIFF HE IS PERMITTED TO FILE AMENDED COMPLAINT AS A MATTER OF COURSE

ORDER FOR CLERK TO SEND COMPLAINT FORM TO PLAINTIFF

THIRTY DAY DEADLINE TO FILE FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT

GARY S. AUSTIN, Magistrate Judge.

I. BACKGROUND

Norman Dixon ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On April 21, 2017, Plaintiff filed the Complaint commencing this action. (ECF No. 1.)

On May 25, 2017, Plaintiff filed a motion for leave to add affidavits to the Complaint. (ECF No. 11.)

II. LOCAL RULE 220 AND FEDERAL RULE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 15(a) — AMENDING THE COMPLAINT

Local Rule 220 provides, in part:

Unless prior approval to the contrary is obtained from the Court, every pleading to which an amendment or supplement is permitted as a matter of right or has been allowed by court order shall be retyped and filed so that it is complete in itself without reference to the prior or superseded pleading. No pleading shall be deemed amended or supplemented until this Rule has been complied with. All changed pleadings shall contain copies of all exhibits referred to in the changed pleading.

Plaintiff has submitted exhibits to the court with a request to add them to the Complaint. Plaintiff may not amend the Complaint in this manner. Under Rule 220, Plaintiff may not amend the Complaint by adding information piecemeal after the Complaint has been filed. To add information or correct an error in the Complaint, Plaintiff must file a new First Amended Complaint which is complete within itself.

Under Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rule of Civil Procedure, a party may amend the party's pleading once as a matter of course at any time before a responsive pleading is served. Otherwise, a party may amend only by leave of the Court or by written consent of the adverse party, and leave shall be freely given when justice so requires. Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a). Here, because Plaintiff has not previously amended the Complaint and no responsive pleading has been served in this action, Plaintiff has leave to file an amended complaint as a matter of course. Plaintiff shall be granted thirty days in which to file an amended complaint, making the needed changes.

Plaintiff must demonstrate in his amended complaint how the conditions complained of have resulted in a deprivation of his constitutional rights. See Ellis v. Cassidy, 625 F.2d 227 (9th Cir. 1980). The amended complaint must allege in specific terms how each named defendant is involved. There can be no liability under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 unless there is some affirmative link or connection between a defendant's actions and the claimed deprivation. Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 36 (1976); May v. Enomoto, 633 F.2d 164, 167 (9th Cir. 1980); Johnson v. Duffy, 588 F.2d 740, 743 (9th Cir. 1978).

As a general rule, an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint. See Loux v. Rhay, 375 F.2d 55, 57 (9th Cir. 1967). Once an amended complaint is filed, the original complaint no longer serves any function in the case. Therefore, in an amended complaint, as in an original complaint, each claim and the involvement of each defendant must be sufficiently alleged.

As for exhibits, while they are permissible, Fed. R. Civ. P. 10(c), they are not necessary in the federal system of notice pleading, Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a). The court strongly suggests to Plaintiff that they should not be submitted where (1) they serve only to confuse the record and burden the court, or (2) they are intended as future evidence. If this action reaches a juncture at which the submission of evidence is appropriate and necessary (e.g., summary judgment or trial), Plaintiff will have the opportunity at that time to submit his evidence.

Plaintiff should note that although he has the opportunity to amend, it is not for the purpose of adding allegations of events occurring after April 21, 2017, the date the Complaint was filed. Plaintiff may not change the nature of this suit by adding new, unrelated claims in his amended complaint. George v. Smith, 507 F.3d 605, 607 (7th Cir. 2007) (no "buckshot" complaints).

Finally, Plaintiff is advised that Local Rule 220 requires that an amended complaint be complete in itself without reference to any prior pleading. The First Amended Complaint should be clearly and boldly titled "FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT," refer to the appropriate case number, and be an original signed under penalty of perjury.

III. CONCLUSION

Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:

1. Plaintiff is advised that he may not amend the Complaint by submitting exhibits to the court for addition to the Complaint after the Complaint is filed; 2. Under Rule 15(a), Plaintiff has leave to amend the Complaint once as a matter of course; 3. Plaintiff is granted thirty (30) days from the date of service of this order, in which to file a First Amended Complaint as instructed by this order, using the court's form; 4. The First Amended Complaint should be clearly and boldly titled "First Amended Complaint," refer to case number 1:17-cv-00562-AWI-GSA-PC, and be an original signed under penalty of perjury; 5. The Clerk of Court shall send one § 1983 civil rights complaint form to Plaintiff; and 6. Plaintiff is warned that the failure to comply with this order may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to obey a court order.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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