Case No. 17-1036-JTM-GEB.


United States District Court, D. Kansas.

Editors Note
Applicable Law: 28 U.S.C. § 1331
Cause: 28 U.S.C. § 1331 Federal Question: Other Civil Rights
Nature of Suit: 440 Civil Rights: Other
Source: PACER

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Teresa Ann Owen, Plaintiff, Pro Se.


GWYNNE E. BIRZER, Magistrate Judge.

This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Teresa Ann Owen's Motion and Amended Motion to Proceed without Prepayment of Fees (ECF Nos. 3, 9), and her Motion and Amended Motion to Appoint Counsel (ECF Nos. 4, 10). For the reasons set forth below, Plaintiff's Motions to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF Nos. 3, 9) are GRANTED, and Plaintiff's Motions for Appointment of Counsel (ECF Nos. 4, 10) are DENIED.

I. Motions to Proceed Without Payment of Fees

Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), the Court has the discretion1 to authorize the filing of a civil case "without prepayment of fees or security thereof, by a person who submits an affidavit that . . . the person is unable to pay such fees or give security thereof." "Proceeding in forma pauperis in a civil case `is a privilege, not a right—fundamental or otherwise.'"2 After careful review of Plaintiff's attached affidavit of financial resources (ECF Nos. 3-1 and 9-1, sealed), and the comparison of her monthly income to her monthly expenses, the Court finds she is financially unable to pay the filing fee.

IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Plaintiff's Motions to Proceed without Prepayment of Fees (ECF Nos. 3 and 9) are GRANTED. Although service of process would normally be undertaken by the clerk of court under 28 U.S.C. 1915(d) and Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(3), the clerk is directed to stay service of process pending the District Court's review of the Report and Recommendation filed simultaneously herein (ECF No. 12).3

II. Motions for Appointment of Counsel

There is no constitutional right to counsel in a civil action.4 An evaluation of whether to appoint counsel requires consideration of those factors discussed by the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals in Castner v. Colorado Springs Cablevision,5 including: (1) the plaintiff's ability to afford counsel, (2) the plaintiff's diligence in searching for counsel, (3) the merits of the plaintiff's case, and (4) the plaintiff's capacity to prepare and present the case without the aid of counsel. Additionally, as in all federal cases, the law requires the plaintiff to state a viable claim for relief and the court must have subject matter jurisdiction over that claim. In consideration thereof, thoughtful and prudent care in appointing representation is necessary so that willing counsel may be located.6

After careful consideration, the Court declines to appoint counsel to represent Plaintiff. Plaintiff has satisfied the first prong of the Castner analysis—her inability to afford counsel—through the financial affidavits provided with her motions to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF Nos. 3-1 and 9-1, sealed). Additionally, she fulfilled the second prong of the analysis—diligence in searching for counsel—by producing the names of more than five attorneys whom she contacted about the case, along with a detailed description of her efforts to obtain representation. However, despite meeting these requirements, the Court finds she cannot meet the third prong of analysis, as the Court has serious concerns regarding its ability to adjudicate Plaintiff's claims. Simultaneously with this order, the Court recommends this case be dismissed under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) (ECF No. 12) due to a lack of federal subject matter jurisdiction. Under the circumstances, the request for appointment of counsel shall be denied.

IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Plaintiff's Motions for Appointment of Counsel (ECF Nos. 4 and 10) are DENIED.



1. Barnett ex rel. Barnett v. Nw. Sch., No. 00-2499, 2000 WL 1909625, at *1 (D. Kan. Dec. 26, 2000) (citing Cabrera v. Horgas, 173 F.3d 863, at *1 (10th Cir. April 23, 1999)).
2. Id. (quoting White v. Colorado, 157 F.3d 1226, 1233 (10th Cir. 1998)).
3. See Webb v. Vratil, No. 12-2588-EFM-GLR, ECF No. 7 (D. Kan. Sept. 28, 2012) (withholding service of process pending review under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) and Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3)).
4. See Sandle v. Principi, 201 F. App'x 579, 582 (10th Cir. 2006) (citing Castner v. Colo. Springs Cablevision, 979 F.2d 1417, 1420 (10th Cir. 1992) (Title VII case); Durre v. Dempsey, 869 F.2d 543, 547 (10th Cir. 1989) (civil case)).
5. 979 F.2d 1417, 1420-21 (10th Cir. 1992).
6. Id. at 1421.


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