Case No. 17-cv-00572 NC.

PEROGEUX, LLC, Plaintiff, v. PAUL WINKLER, et al., Defendants.

United States District Court, N.D. California.

Editors Note
Applicable Law: 28 U.S.C. § 1330
Cause: 28 U.S.C. § 1330 Breach of Contract
Nature of Suit: 140 Negotiable Instrument
Source: PACER

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Perogeux, LLC, Plaintiff, represented by Andrew Ditlevsen , Sweeney Mason Wilson & Bosomworth.

Perogeux, LLC, Plaintiff, represented by Joseph Michael Sweeney , Sweeney, Mason, Wilson & Bosomworth.

Paul Winkler, Defendant, represented by James Thomas Straw , James Straw.

KMC Partners, LLC, Defendant, represented by James Thomas Straw , James Straw.


NATHANAEL M. COUSINS, Magistrate Judge.

Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and have power to adjudicate only those cases authorized by the Constitution and Congress. The burden of establishing subject matter jurisdiction rests with the party asserting jurisdiction. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of America, 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). Here, plaintiff Perogeux, LLC must establish subject matter jurisdiction.

In the complaint, plaintiff alleges that subject matter jurisdiction is satisfied through diversity of citizenship under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, because plaintiff is a Texas Limited Liability Company and defendant KMC Partners LLC is a California Limited Liability Company. ECF 1. Yet for purposes of diversity, the Court must consider the citizenship of all members of the LLC, and if any member of the LLC is itself a partnership, association, or another LLC, the Court needs to know the citizenship of each "sub-member" as well. Johnson v. Columbia Properties Anchorage, LP, 437 F.3d 894, 899 (9th Cir. 2006) ("an LLC is a citizen of every state of which its owners/members are citizens"); V&M Star, LP v. Centimark Corp., 596 F.3d 354, 356 (6th Cir. 2010) (the court should insist that plaintiff establish citizenship of all LLC sub-members). Furthermore, the party invoking federal diversity jurisdiction must distinctly and affirmatively allege the citizenship of LLC members. D.B. Zwirn Special Opp. Fund, LP v. Mehrotra, 661 F.3d 124, 16-27 (1st Cir. 2011) (requiring filing of affidavits to establish diversity). No party can waive a defect in diversity jurisdiction. See Wis. Dep't of Corrs. v. Schacht, 524 U.S. 381, 389 (1998). And the Court must determine whether it has subject matter jurisdiction before it may consider the merits of the dispute. Steel Co. v. Citizens for a Better Environment, 523 U.S. 83, 94 (1998). Finally, the Court may sanction counsel under Fed. R. Civ. P. 11 for diversity allegations that are not well-grounded in fact after a reasonable inquiry. Hendrix v. Naphtal, 971 F.2d 398, 400 (9th Cir. 1992).

In this case, plaintiff's allegations of diversity jurisdiction are insufficient. Thus, by March 17, 2017, plaintiff must file a declaration attesting to the citizenship of its members and sub-members and to the citizenship of the members and sub-members of defendant KMC Partners LLC, as of the date of the filing of the complaint. Grupo Dataflux v. Atlas Global Group, LP, 541 U.S. 567, 571 (2004) (diversity must exist at the time lawsuit filed). By March 20, KMC Partners may file a response to the plaintiff's jurisdictional assertions. If the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, it will dismiss the case without prejudice.



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