JOHN MICHAEL VAZQUEZ, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court on Petitioner's submission, on December 15, 2016, of a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, challenging his New Jersey state court conviction. (ECF No. 1.) Petitioner admits he filed the petition after expiration of the statute of limitations, as prescribed by 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). (Id. at 22.) He asks the Court to apply the doctrine of equitable tolling to permit him to proceed with his petition, based on his mental illness, forced medication, and placement in the Special Needs Unit of Northern State Prison. (Id.)
Pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts, the Court must promptly examine the petition, and [i]f it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner." For the reasons set forth below, the Court will dismiss the petition without prejudice because Petitioner has not asserted a sufficient basis to grant equitable tolling of the statute of limitations.
I. PROCEDURAL HISTORY
Petitioner was convicted of two counts of murder and one count of hindering apprehension in the New Jersey Superior Court, Law Division, Essex County on November 1, 1991. (ECF No. 1 at 1.) The Appellate Division denied his appeal on July 28, 1994, and the New Jersey Supreme Court denied certification on October 18, 1994. (Id. at 2.)
On May 13, 1997, Petitioner filed a petition for post-conviction relief. (Id. at 3.) The petition was denied on March 4, 2014. (Id.) The Appellate Division affirmed the PCR Court on June 21, 2016.
II. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS
28 U.S.C. § 2244(d) provides:
After the petitioner seeks review from the State's highest court, the judgment of conviction becomes final, and the limitations period begins to run after expiration of the 90-day period for filing a petition for writ of certiorari in the United States Supreme Court. Swartz v. Meyers, 204 F.3d 417, 419 (3d Cir. 2000).
Only a properly filed application for State post-conviction review or other collateral review tolls the habeas statute of limitations. Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408, 413 (2005). A properly filed application is one that was accepted for filing and was filed within the time limits prescribed. (Id.) Furthermore, the tolling provision does not reset the date from which the one-year limitation period begins to run. Johnson v. Hendricks, 314 F.3d 159, 161-62 (3d Cir. 2000) cert. denied, 531 U.S. 840 (2000).
The New Jersey Supreme Court denied Petitioner's petition for certification on October 18, 1994. Petitioner then had ninety days, until January 17, 1995, to petition for writ of certiorari in the United States Supreme Court. Therefore, Petitioner's judgment of conviction became final on January 17, 1995, and the one-year statute of limitations period began to run. The statute of limitations expired on January 18, 1996, well before Petitioner filed his petition for post-conviction relief on May 13, 1997. Therefore, the PCR petition did not toll the statute of limitations because it had already expired.
B. EQUITABLE TOLLING
The one-year statute of limitations for a petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is subject to equitable tolling. Ross v. Varano, 712 F.3d 784, 798 (3d Cir. 2013) (citing Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631, 645 (2010)). There are two elements a petitioner must establish for equitable tolling to apply: (1) the petitioner pursued his rights diligently; and (2) some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way. Id. at 798 (citing Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408, 418 (2005) (citation omitted)). Equitable tolling is decided on a case-by-case basis, taking the circumstances of each prisoner into account. Id. (citing Pabon v. Mahoney, 654 F.3d 385, 399 (3d Cir. 2011); Holland, 560 U.S. at 649-50 (quotation omitted)).
The diligence required of a prisoner in pursuing the timely filing of his habeas petition is "reasonable diligence" not maximum diligence. Id. at 799 (citing Holland, 560 U.S. at 653). The reasonable diligence test is subjective, taken in light of the petitioner's circumstances. Id. at 800 (citations omitted). "[L]ack of legal knowledge or legal training does not alone justify equitable tolling." Id. (citing Brown v. Shannon, 322 F.3d 768, 774 (3d Cir. 2003)).
Courts also measure the extraordinary circumstances subjectively, by asking how severe of an obstacle the circumstances created for the petitioner to comply with the statute of limitations. Id. at 803 (citing Pabon, 654 F.3d at 400). For equitable tolling, extraordinary circumstances must have directly prevented timely pursuit of state court remedies and filing a statutorily timely habeas petition. Id. at 804. "[M]ental incompetence is not per se a reason to toll the statute of limitations in federal actions." Lake v. Arnold, 232 F.3d 360, 371 (3d Cir. 2000) (citing Barren v. United States, 839 F.2d 987 (3d Cir. 1988)). A petitioner must establish that his mental incompetence affected his ability to timely file a habeas petition. Nara v. Frank, 264 F.3d 310, 320 (3d Cir. 2001) overruled in part on other grounds by Carey v. Saffold, 536 U.S. 214 (2002)).
Petitioner asserts he suffers from a severe mental illness of paranoid schizophrenia, and he relied completely on the Public Defender's Office or inmate paralegal assistance for his appeals. (ECF No. 1 at 13, 22.) Petitioner states that when his petition for certification was denied by the New Jersey Supreme Court, he was undergoing forced medication and was housed on the Special Needs Unit of New Jersey State Prison. (Id.) Petitioner alleges:
Petitioner has not alleged sufficient facts in support of his equitable tolling claim. First, he has not described the symptoms he suffered and how those symptoms prevented him from filing a habeas petition between January 1995 and January 1996. It would be helpful for Petitioner to submit his medical records for that time period.
Second, rather than describing how he was personally affected by being housed in the Special Needs Unit of Northern State Prison, Petitioner referred the Court to another civil action. The test for equitable tolling requires the Court to review the petitioner's particular circumstances to determine whether those circumstances directly prevented him from timely filing his petition. Thus, it is insufficient for Petitioner to direct the Court to another civil action that generally describes the conditions of confinement. Petitioner must explain his personal experiences in the relevant time period.
For the reasons discussed above, the Court dismisses without prejudice Petitioner's § 2254 petition because it is barred by the statute of limitations in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). Petitioner will be given an opportunity to reopen this case to submit additional materials in support of his equitable tolling argument.