CHICAGO REGIONAL COUNCIL OF CARPENTERS v. ONSITE WOODWORK CORPORATION No. 11 C 8365.
CHICAGO REGIONAL COUNCIL OF CARPENTERS, Plaintiff, v. ONSITE WOODWORK CORPORATION, Defendant.
United States District Court, N.D. Illinois, Eastern Division.
December 12, 2012.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
VIRGINIA M. KENDALL, District Judge.
Plaintiff Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters (the "Union") filed suit against Defendant Onsite Woodwork Corp. ("Onsite"), pursuant to Section 301 of the Labor Management Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. § 185
STATEMENT OF MATERIAL UNDISPUTED FACTS 2
Onsite is an Illinois corporation that makes architectural woodwork, including wall panels, doors, trim, casework, and specialty furniture. (Doc. 14, Def. 56.1, ¶ 4.) It has been a Union shop since 1982. (Id.) Onsite and the Union have entered into a collective bargaining agreement (the "CBA"). (Id. at ¶ 5.) In November 2010, the Union filed a grievance with Onsite. (Id. at ¶ 8.) The grievance alleged that when Onsite recalled Union members, who had previously been laid off, Onsite did not pay those members appropriate wages or benefits. (Id. at Ex. C.) The Union identified Roberto Roman, Josephine Vasquez, Jeremy Larsen, Carlos Contreras, Brent Karis, and Steve Seymore as Grievants. Each of these employees were recalled after a layoff which lasted six months or more, and upon recall, each of these employees was required to undergo a period of re-orientation. (Id. at ¶ 15.) The Union's Grievance was not resolved by the parties and proceeded to arbitration. (Id. at ¶ 12.)
The arbitrator conducted a hearing and entered the following award:
(Id. at ¶ 13.) The arbitrator did not find that any specific grievants recalled from layoff were actually removed from the bargaining unit or designated as "Trainees." (Id.)
Under the CBA, "Trainee" is defined as "[a]n Employee who is a new hire in the orientation period and is not already a Union member." (Id. at ¶ 14.) Onsite employees are only designated as "Trainees" by Onsite for the period of time during which they are new, non-union employees undergoing their first period of orientation. (Id. at ¶ 16.) Once an Onsite employee completes his or her initial orientation period and joins the Union, they are paid Union wages and are not designated as a "Trainee" again. (Id. at ¶ 18.) They are not designated as a "Trainee" when they are rehired after a layoff. (Id.) An employee is also not removed from the Union, or the bargaining unit, by virtue of being laid off and rehired by Onsite. (Id. at ¶ 19.) Upon recalling Union members after a layoff, Onsite employs them as Union members at Union wages with the same classification they held prior to the lay off. (Id.) Furthermore, Onsite does not designate recalled Union employees as "Trainees." (Id.)
Grievant Josephine Vasquez was hired as a Trainee in October 2009. (Id. at ¶ 21.) She was terminated before she ever completed her initial orientation period. (Id.) She never became a member of the Union and her classification never went beyond that of "Trainee." (Id.) She is not a Union member covered by the CBA. (Id.) Each of the five other Grievants are members of the Union. (Id.) After they joined the Union, Onsite, at all times, designated them as Union members and not non-union "Trainees." (Id.) When they were recalled after a layoff, the Union member Grievants were paid Union wages. (Id. at ¶ 22.) They were never removed from the collective bargaining unit. (Id. at ¶ 23. They were never subjected to any initiation fees upon recall. (Id. at ¶ 24.) The Grievants were required to undergo an additional round of orientation after being rehired following a layoff lasting six months or more. (Id. at ¶ 25.) Throughout this reorientation period, they continued to receive Union wages. (Id.)
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Summary judgment is proper when the "pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). In determining whether a genuine issue of fact exists, the Court must view the evidence and draw all reasonable inferences in favor of the party opposing the motion. Bennington v. Caterpillar Inc.,
Furthermore, judicial review of arbitration awards is extremely limited, and the merits of the arbitrator's decision will not be reviewed. See Major League Baseball Players Ass'n v. Garvey,
Onsite does not contest the validity of the arbitration award entered in favor of the Union.
Specifically, Onsite's Rule 56.1 submission identified the following key facts: (1) Once an Onsite employee completes his or her initial orientation period and joins the Union, they are paid Union wages (determined by the terms of the CBA) and are never designated as a "Trainee" again, even upon being rehired after a lay off, as the CBA specifically defines "Trainee" as a "new," non-union employee; (2) An employee is not removed from the Union or the bargaining unit by virtue of being laid off and rehired by Onsite. Upon recalling a Union member after a layoff, Onsite employs them as Union members, at the same classification as they held prior to being laid off, at Union Wages, and Onsite does not designate or otherwise treat recalled Union employees as "Trainees;" and (3) The above-described policies and practices were at all times honored with respect to the Grievants in this case.
The Union does not contest these facts directly. Instead, it argues that Onsite has failed to comply with the award because it has required recalled employees, who previously passed an orientation period prior to their lay off, to pass another orientation period when recalled. (Doc. 20, at 7-8). This practice, according to the Union, runs afoul of the arbitrator's decision because "[t]he arbitrator found that by making employees that already completed their orientation period to start anew constituted a violation of the CBA." (Doc. 21, ¶¶ 18-20.)
However, there is no support in the record for the Union's interpretation of the arbitrator's award. The arbitrator clearly found that it was proper, under the terms of the CBA, for Onsite to require a new orientation period for employees who were laid off for longer than six months and then recalled. Specifically, he stated that "if the Employer requires a new orientation period, i.e., treats individuals who have been on layoff more than six months as a new hire, then such requirement is not inconsistent with either Article I, Section 2 or Article VII, Section 1." (Def. Ex. 56-1, Ex. 1 at 12.) In fact, the arbitrator specifically noted that he was "at a loss to see how the [Onsite] policy," which requires an individual who is recalled following a layoff of more than six months to have a new orientation, violates the CBA. (Id.)
Rather, as Onsite argues, the arbitrator merely held that Onsite would violate the CBA by designating a recalled Union member as a "Trainee" or by removing a Union member from the collective bargaining unit. (Id. at 12-13.) Since the Union has not rebutted Onsite's assertion that no employee was improperly designated as a "Trainee" or removed from the bargaining unit, there is no genuine issue of material fact as to whether Onsite is in compliance with the arbitrator's decision at this time. It is in compliance.
Since Onsite has complied with the award, it would be improper for the Court to confirm the arbitration award at this time. Article III of the United States Constitution restricts the judicial power of the federal courts to "cases" and "controversies." U.S. Const. Art III, § 2. In addition, the ripeness doctrine dictates that courts should decide only existing substantial controversies, not hypothetical questions and possibilities. See Wisconsin Right to Life State Political Action Committee v. Barland,
In applying these principles to requests to confirm arbitration awards between labor and management, the majority of courts hold that the award should not be confirmed where there is no live and actual dispute between the parties. See, e.g., Derwin v. Gen. Dynamics Corp.,
In Derwin, the union did not allege that the employer had either repudiated or violated the award. On appeal, the First Circuit determined that confirmation of the award was not warranted because there was no concrete dispute between the parties, "rather the court [was] simply being asked to put its imprimatur upon an arbitral award in a vacuum." Derwin, 719 F.2d at 490. It determined that instead of confirming the award at that instant, the better approach would be for the parties to seek confirmation if and when an actual dispute arose in the future. See id. at 491-93. It further stated that:
Id. at 492. Following this logic, the district courts cited above found that an award should not be confirmed if there is no live controversy between the parties.
The Court finds the reasoning of these courts persuasive. While the Union seeks to use this action to expand the scope of the arbitrable award, there is no live controversy as to whether Onsite has complied with the actual award. The Union has not presented any evidence that when any Union members were recalled, they were designated as "Trainees." The Union has not presented any evidence that any Union members were removed from the collective bargaining unit. Accordingly, it would be improper for the Court to take action and confirm the award at this time. Rather, the better course is for the Court to heed the prudential values set forth in Article III and avoid rendering a judgment that may merely serve to skew the relative bargaining power of the parties.
CONCLUSION AND ORDER
For the foregoing reasons, the Court dismisses the Union's Complaint, without prejudice, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3). Onsite's Motion for Summary Judgment is denied as moot.
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