ORDER GRANTING MOTIONS TO DISMISS
[Dkt. No. 31, 43, 48, 49, 50]
DEAN D. PREGERSON, District Judge.
Presently before the court are four motions to dismiss filed by Defendants Janice McClanahan, Susan Rhoades, Rufus von Thalen Rhoades, the Walkemplue Trust, Whitebird, Inc., and Richard Percell. Defendant Wallace Patrick Moriarty joins in the motion filed be Defendants Suand and Rufus Rhoades and the Walkemplue Trust. Having considered the submissions of the parties and heard oral argument, the court grants the motions and adopts the following order.
Plaintiff's Second Amended Complaint ("SAC"), filed with leave of the court, is difficult to follow. Here follows a summation of the relevant allegations of the SAC.
Plaintiff Harry Mansdorf ("Mansdorf") is the 91-year old Trustee of the Mansdorf Family Trust (the "Family Trust"). (SAC ¶ 8.) Mansdorf succeeded his brother, Lee Mansdorf ("Lee"), as Trustee upon Lee's death in 2003. (
The SAC alleges that Lee discovered "something foul in his business dealings" in 1981. (SAC ¶ 21.) Defendant Moriarty, whose relationship to Mansdorf and the Family Trust is unclear, and who may have used an alias, somehow took out loans on Family Trust property, conveyed that property to straw buyers, and "skimmed money from the transactions." (SAC ¶¶ 9, 21, 25) Defendent Rufus von Thalen Rhoades ("Rhoades), who represented the Family Trust "beginning in the 1980s" was somehow "involved," and "arranged for a variety of agreements that were used . . to steal [Family] Trust property." (SAC ¶¶ 10, 21.) Mansdorf alleges that "portions of the scam were initiated and set into place beginning in the 1980s and continuing through 2003." (SAC ¶ 22.)
The SAC further alleges that in 1988 and 2003, someone named Keith Card, who is not a defendant and may be deceased, transferred unspecified real property to Defendant Janice McClanahan, Lee's former girlfriend. (SAC ¶¶ 23, 24, 26.) The SAC does not explain Keith Card's relationship to anyone, but asserts that he was a "key player." (SAC ¶ 23.) The SAC does not appear to allege any wrongdoing on McClanahan's part with respect to these transactions, though the relevant parcels later became the focus of litigation in state court.
In 1996, Lee, the Trustee of the Family Trust, had a heart attack. (SAC ¶ 27.) While Lee was recovering, Defendant Rhoades allegedly created an agreement, under which Rhoades would "accommodate Lee Mansdorf's wishes to accept at least $750,000 from DEFENDANT Whitebird [Inc.] for the Mansdorf's (sic) La Tuna Canyon property." (SAC ¶ 27.) Under the agreement, Rhoades would forward the sale proceeds to Defendant the Walkemplue Trust, to whom Lee owed $850,000 in fees for legal services rendered by Rhoades. (SAC ¶ 27.) Defendant Susan Rhoades, Rhoades' wife, was the Trustee of the Walkemplue Trust. (SAC ¶ 18.) The SAC alleges that the agreement was a "scheme to steal Mansdorf trust property," and that Lee did not owe Rhoades or the Walkemplue Trust $850,000. (SAC ¶ 27.) Rhoades also encouraged Lee to assert that Rhoades was Lee's agent as a means of evading taxes. (SAC ¶ 28.)
Defendant Richard Percell is "a representative" of Whitebird, the company that bought the La Tuna Canyon property. (SAC ¶ 15.) Though Percell is not a licensed real estate broker, he acted as agent for both the Family Trust and Whitebird for the 1996 La Tuna Canyon property sale. (SAC ¶ 18.) Percell knew McClanahan, to whom he had been introduced by Lee. (SAC ¶ 31.) Some of the 1996 La Tuna Canyon property sale parcels aomehow ended up in McClanahan's name. (SAC ¶ 31.) Lee also had an agreement with Defendant Image N' This, of which Percell is a director, to sell certain La Tuna Canyon property, though it is unclear whether this transaction ever occurred. (SAC ¶ 31.)
In 2003, Mansdorf, allegedly at Rhoades' behest, asked McClanahan to give back some of the La Tuna Canyon property "to settle the death taxes for Lee." (SAC ¶ 37.) Either McClanahan, Whitebird, or both then conveyed or attempted to convey La Tuna Canyon property back to the Family Trust. (SAC ¶ 37-39.) In 2006, however, Percell told McClanahan that Mansdorf sold the property for a substantial some of money. (SAC ¶ 37.) McClanahan then sued Mansdorf and obtained a $12 million default judgment. (SAC ¶ 37.) The SAC alleges that McClanahan perjured herself and filed a false deed to obtain the judgment. (SAC ¶ 37.)
Around this time, the SAC alleges that Mansdorf was being financially and physically abused by Defendant Michele Giacomazza. (SAC ¶ 39.) Giacomazza, whose relationship to Mansdorf is unclear, allegedly was "attempting to steal" some of the parcels of property at issue in McClanahan's suit against Mansdorf. (SAC ¶ 40.)
The SAC goes on to describe two "significant lawsuit[s}" between Plaintiff Mansdorf and Giacomazza in 2008. The SAC alleges that Mansdorf recovered some Malibu property from Giacomazza and prevailed in an unlawful detainer case brought by Giacomazza. (SAC ¶¶ 32, 33.) The SAC further alleges that "transactions were revealed involving [Giacomazza] and his daughter, DEFENDANT Gatto, where the same essential scam that was previously perpetrated by DEFENDANT'S (sic) Moriarty, Rhoades, Percell, and Whitebird was again being perpetrated." (SAC ¶ 33.) The SAC further asserts that "the same key players . . . evidence the strongest link between the two scams." (SAC ¶ 33.) The SAC also refers to allegedly perjurious testimony given by McClanahan in connection with the Giacommaza actions, which allegedly illustrate that "McClanahan and her attorneys are knowingly and flagrantly attempting to steal [Mansdorf's] home and throw him out on the street just as DEFENDANT Giacomazza tried to do." (SAC ¶ 33.)
In 2009, Mansdorf recovered documents which had been stolen from the family home in 2004. (SAC ¶ 62.) The documents allegedly indicate that Rhoades knew that Lee's former counsel was a business associate of Moriarty. (SAC ¶ 66.)
The SAC alleges a cause of action against all defendants for a violation of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act ("RICO"), 18 U.S.C. § 1961
II. Legal Standard
A complaint will survive a motion to dismiss when it contains "sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face."
"When there are well-pleaded factual allegations, a court should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement of relief."
Though the SAC represents Plaintiff's third attempt to file an adequate pleading, it remains disorganized, convoluted, and cluttered by inflammatory language, irrelevancies, and "interesting aside[s]." The SAC fails to provide the "short and plain" statement of claims required under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a).
Furthermore, though Plaintiff's RICO claim provides the only independent basis for this court's jurisdiction, the SAC's Third Cause of Action for RICO violation is nothing more than a bare recitation of the elements of the offense.
Finally, most, if not all, of the allegations of the FAC appear to fall outside of the four-year statute of limitations for RICO claims.
Given the obvious deficiencies of the SAC, Plaintiff's Third Cause of Action for violation of RICO is dismissed, with leave to amend. Having dismissed Plaintiff's only federal claim, the court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining state law claims. 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a). The court takes no position on the viability of those claims at this juncture.
For the reasons stated above, Defendants' Motions to Dismiss are GRANTED. The Second Amended Complaint is DISMISSED, with leave to amend. Any amended complaint shall be filed within ten days of the date of this order.