MEMORANDUM-DECISION and ORDER
DAVID N. HURD, District Judge.
On November 18, 2010, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued an amended summary order affirming in part and vacating and remanding in part orders dated April 12, 2006, December 19, 2006, and November 6, 2008.
As directed, defendants Algonquin Power Corporation, Inc. ("Algonquin Power"), Algonquin Power Income Fund ("the Fund"), and Algonquin Power Fund (Canada) Inc. (collectively "Algonquin") filed a brief in support of their motion for summary judgment on their counterclaims. Plaintiffs Trafalgar Power, Inc. ("TPI") and Christine Falls of New York, Inc. ("CFC") (collectively "Trafalgar") filed a brief in opposition. Algonquin filed a reply. The matter was taken on submission without oral argument.
As the Second Circuit stated, this matter arose "from a complex web of litigation stemming from a loan agreement initially entered into between [Trafalgar and Aetna Life Insurance Company (`Aetna')], and Aetna's subsequent sale of the debt instruments that agreement created—an "A" and a "B" note—to [Algonquin]."
The following facts are undisputed. Trafalgar obtained a loan from Aetna Life Insurance Company ("Aetna") to finance its development of hydroelectric power plants in upstate New York. Trafalgar's default on its loan from Aetna led to a restructuring of the debt—with Trafalgar issuing A and B Notes which Aetna purchased for $22.5 million. As a precondition to the debt restructuring, Aetna required that Trafalgar hire a manager for the power plants. Algonquin Power became that manager. State Street Bank ("Security Trustee") was named trustee of the security for the loan, including the income generated by the power plants. Various documents were executed by the parties in conjunction with the restructured debt as will be set forth in more detail in the analysis below. In addition to pledging virtually all of its rights and properties as collateral for the restructured loan, all of the stock of TPI and CFC was pledged as security.
The loan documents provided, among other things, that the properties would be kept free from liens and the taxes would be paid when due. An Event of Default would arise from violation of any terms which continued for ten days. If an Event of Default existed, the notes could be accelerated. Various other remedies for default were set forth in the loan documents.
Aetna sold the A and B Notes to Algonquin in 1997. The A note has been paid. The Fund is the current holder of the B Note.
Trafalgar filed its corporate income tax returns as part of a Marina filing group. Trafalgar filed tax returns for the 1996 and 1997 tax years that reflected an amount due. However, Trafalgar failed to pay the amounts due. The Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") attempted to collect the overdue taxes and penalties from Trafalgar to no avail. Eventually, on July 1, 1999, the IRS issued a Notice of Intent to Levy on the power projects. Algonquin notified Trafalgar that it was in default due to its failure to pay its corporate income taxes, demanding that the taxes be paid by August 2, 1999. Trafalgar did not pay the taxes. On August 5, 1999, Algonquin notified Trafalgar that an Event of Default existed under the loan documents and that the B Note was being accelerated. Trafalgar filed the complaint in this action on August 9, 1999.
When the IRS issued a Notice of Levy on August 20, 1999, Algonquin directed the Security Trustee to pay the IRS. Algonquin also directed the Security Trustee to take possession of all funds on deposit and remit those funds to Algonquin.
SUMMARY JUDGMENT STANDARD
Summary judgment must be granted when the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, admissions and affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact, and that the moving party is entitled to summary judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56;
When the moving party has met the burden, the nonmoving party "must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts."
Algonquin's counterclaims "seek a declaratory judgment that Trafalgar defaulted with respect to both the A and B Notes
Event of Default
The Indenture defines an Event of Default as when Trafalgar failed to comply with any provision of the Indenture or any other financing document and the failure continued for more than ten days after any Trafalgar executive became aware of the failure. Yesawich Decl., Apr. 11, 2005, Ex. 1 § 7.1(b), Dkt. No. 199-4 at 6
Taken together, these sections provide that an Event of Default "shall exist" when Trafalgar failed to pay its income taxes, eventually resulting in a levy against the property, and such failure was known to any Trafalgar executive for more than ten days. Additionally, an Event of Default would exist if there was a levy against the property of which an executive knew for at least ten days.
Corporate income taxes for the 1996 and 1997 tax years
Additionally, because of Trafalgar's continued failure to pay its income taxes, on July 1, 1999, the IRS issued a Notice of Intent to Levy with a demand for payment within thirty days, of which Steckler was aware for at least ten days. Trafalgar failed to make the required payment. Again, pursuant to the Indenture, an Event of Default existed.
Trafalgar argues that Algonquin wrongly refused to pay the income tax debt and it had no right to declare that a default existed because it prevented Trafalgar from making the payment.
According to Trafalgar, Steckler directed Algonquin to pay the income tax debt when he received the Notice of Intent to Levy, but Algonquin wrongly refused to make the payment. First of all, if it was Algonquin's obligation to pay the income tax, Steckler would have requested the payment when the taxes were originally due. Second, Trafalgar mischaracterizes Steckler's testimony. He did not instruct Algonquin to pay the overdue income taxes. Rather, Trafalgar's accountant told the IRS to levy against the operating fund account held by the Security Trustee. Algonquin was directed to make the payment by the Notice of Intent to Levy served upon it by the IRS. Yesawich Decl., Apr. 11, 2005, Ex. 1 Steckler Dep. at 200-01, Dkt. No. 332-1 at 8-9.
Finally, it is clearly and unambiguously stated in the Management Agreement between Trafalgar and Algonquin that Algonquin "shall not be responsible for federal income or state income or franchise taxes of" Trafalgar. Am. Compl. Ex. B. Dkt. No. 27-3 at 16. Trafalgar quotes a prior sentence of this section, "[Trafalgar] shall pay and [Algonquin] shall cause to be paid . . . all real and personal property taxes for property owned, leased or rented by [Algonquin]" in connection with operating the plants, in support of its contention that Algonquin was obligated to pay Trafalgar's income tax. This sentence unequivocally pertains to property taxes, and not income taxes.
Therefore, notwithstanding Trafalgar's arguments to the contrary, an Event of Default existed. Having made the first determination as directed by the Second Circuit, it now must be determined if Algonquin, as Note holder, properly exercised its rights pursuant to the parties' agreements.
B. Note Holder's Exercise of Rights after Event of Default
When an Event of Default exists, the Note holder, Algonquin, may request in writing that the Security Trustee notify Trafalgar in writing that the entire balance on the notes is immediately due and payable. Indenture § 7.2(a), 199-4 at 7-8. By letters of July 20, 1999, and July 22, 1999, to Trafalgar, Algonquin provided written notification that an Event of Default existed and it was accelerating the notes. According to section 7.2(a), Algonquin should have notified the Security Trustee of the Event of Default, and the Security Trustee in turn would notify Trafalgar that the notes were accelerated. Thus, the strict terms of section 7.2(a) were not followed. Because "Trafalgar received actual, timely notice of the acceleration" and was not prejudiced from receiving the notice from Algonquin rather than the Security Trustee, the "slight noncompliance with" section 7.2(a) was insignificant and insufficient to "warrant denying summary judgment or dismissing the counterclaims."
Moreover, section 7.2(b) provides that, even where the procedure set forth in section 7.2(a) has not occurred, a Note holder, Algonquin, may, so long as the Event of Default exists, provide written notice to Trafalgar that declares the notes immediately due and payable. Indenture § 7.2(b), 199-4 at 8. Algonquin did, with its letters of July 20, 1999, and July 22, 1999, provide Trafalgar with written notice that an Event of Default existed and the notes were being accelerated, as permitted by section 7.2(b).
Trafalgar argues that failure to strictly comply with section 7.2(a) did not trigger an Event of Default, therefore precluding Algonquin from obtaining relief on its counterclaims. This argument is defeated by the Second Circuit finding that strict noncompliance was insufficient to warrant denial of summary judgment or dismissal of the counterclaims.
Trafalgar also argues that Algonquin is not entitled to the remedies provided because it cured the default by paying Trafalgar's tax, on September 20, 1999. This argument completely overlooks the fact that when Algonquin notified Trafalgar that the notes were being accelerated, an Event of Default existed, and had existed at least since Trafalgar filed its income tax returns without paying the tax due. Algonquin notified Trafalgar of the acceleration on July 20 and 22, 1999, and on July 22, 1999, demanded payment of all past due income taxes and penalties no later than August 2, 1999, to satisfy the IRS Notice of Intent to Levy, and set forth its intent to accelerate the notes without further notice (as permitted by the Indenture) should Trafalgar not comply. Trafalgar did not cure the non-payment of its taxes. Rather, it instituted this litigation. The Event of Default existed when Algonquin accelerated the notes. The later payment of the taxes to remove the lien was a specifically-provided remedy in the event that a default existed, Indenture § 7.4(b)(i), 199-4 at 9, properly exercised by Algonquin and the Security Trustee, which does not constitute a "cure" of Trafalgar's default.
Algonquin substantially complied with section 7.2(a) in that Trafalgar received actual notice and was not prejudiced thereby, entitling it to the remedies provided. Further, Algonquin strictly complied with section 7.2(b), also entitling it to the remedies set forth.
It has been determined that an Event of Default occurred and Algonquin properly exercised its rights as Note holder. Therefore, it must now be determined if Algonquin is entitled to the remedies it seeks. If so, summary judgment on the counterclaims must be granted. If not, the counterclaims must be dismissed.
As set forth above, as of the time that Algonquin accelerated the notes an Event of Default existed. The notes were properly accelerated. Thus, Algonquin is entitled to a declaration that Trafalgar is in default as to the notes and it is entitled to enforce its rights as provided in the Indenture.
As noted above, the Indenture provided that the unpaid income tax, which would have resulted in a lien against the collateral if left unpaid, could be paid, as Algonquin did.
Algonquin first argues that the stock pledge agreements are part of the Indenture Estate. Property included in the Indenture Estate is set forth in the granting clauses.
Indenture 199-3 ¶ B. at 8. In other words, the Security Trustee was to hold as security all rights and interests contemplated by the debt restructuring documents. The Note Purchase Agreement specifically references the Stock Pledge Agreements. Yesawich Decl. Sept. 5, 2008, Note Purchase Agreement § 3.16, Dkt. No. 293-8 at 20. Thus, the Stock Pledge Agreements were contemplated by the debt restructuring documents and are included in the Indenture Estate by the terms of the Indenture. Marina pledged all of the stock in TPI as security for the restructured loans. Algonquin's L.R. 7.1 Statement of Material Facts, Ex. C, Dkt. No. 268-8 ("Marina Pledge Agreement");
In the Event of Default, the Security Trustee had "all of the rights and remedies with respect to the Stock Interests of a secured party under the Uniform Commercial Code of Connecticut." TPI Pledge Agreement § 5.1(a). Further, the pledged stock may be sold at a public or private sale held in accordance with the terms of the pledge agreement.
An Event of Default as defined by the Indenture exists. Trafalgar was not prejudiced by Algonquin's slight non-compliance with the notice of acceleration requirements of the Indenture. Thus, Algonquin is entitled to the appropriate remedies in the Event of Default. Pursuant to the loan restructuring documents, Algonquin may enforce its rights in the Event of Default as against the pledged stock of TPI and CFC, including directing the Security Trustee to sell that stock and apply the proceeds of the sale in accordance with the pledge agreements. That is, Algonquin is entitled to all of the relief it sought in its counterclaims, a declaration that Trafalgar is in default and Algonquin is entitled to enforcement against the collateral.
Accordingly, it is
1. Algonquin's motion for summary judgment on its counterclaims is GRANTED;
2. Trafalgar is in DEFAULT under the terms of the Indenture and related loan documents; and
3. Algonquin is entitled to enforce its rights and remedies as against the pledged collateral, including the stock of TPI and CFC.
The Clerk of the Court is directed to file an Amended Judgment accordingly and close the file.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
This line of reasoning fails. Merely because sufficient funds were in the account does not create an obligation to make a payment. Moreover, disbursements from the operating fund were strictly specified only for payment of the debt, management expenses, and operating expenses. Indenture § 5.3(b), 199-3 at 35 & 199-4 at 2. Payment of Trafalgar's overdue income taxes were not specified as permitted disbursements.