U.S. v. OTTOGALLI

No. 16-50831, Summary Calendar.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MICHAEL JAVIER OTTOGALLI, Also Known as Michael J. Ottogalli, Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.


Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Mark Randolph Stelmach , for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Philip J. Lynch , for Defendant-Appellant.

Joseph H. Gay, Jr. , for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Before: JOLLY, SMITH, and GRAVES, Circuit Judges.


PER CURIAM.*

Under a plea agreement containing an appeal waiver, Michael Ottogalli pleaded guilty of distribution of child pornography and was sentenced to 240 months of imprisonment and 15 years of supervised release. Ottogalli con-tends that the district court erred in applying the five-level enhancement under U.S.S.G. § 2G2.2(b)(3)(B) for distribution in exchange for a thing of value and in applying the two-level enhancement under U.S.S.G. § 3B1.3 for abuse of a position of trust. The government seeks enforcement of the appeal waiver. Ottogalli asserts that the waiver is unenforceable because the district court did not comply with Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11(b)(1)(N).

In determining the enforceability of an appeal waiver, we determine whether it was knowing and voluntary and "applies to the circumstances at hand, based on the plain language of the agreement." United States v. Bond, 414 F.3d 542, 544 (5th Cir. 2005). For a waiver to be knowing and voluntary, the defendant must know that he has the right to appeal and that he is giving up that right. United States v. McKinney, 406 F.3d 744, 746 n.2 (5th Cir. 2005). Because Ottogalli did not object in the district court to an alleged Rule 11(b)(1)(N) error, review is for plain error only. See United States v. Oli-ver, 630 F.3d 397, 411 (5th Cir. 2011). Under that standard, Ottogalli must show a clear or obvious forfeited error that affected his substantial rights. See Puckett v. United States, 556 U.S. 129, 135 (2009). If he does so, we have the discretion to correct the error but only if it seriously affects the fairness, integ-rity, or public reputation of the proceedings. See id.

Ottogalli signed the plea agreement and indicated that he had read all of it, which included the appeal waiver. The district court told him that he would be waiving certain rights by pleading guilty under the plea agreement, including the right to appeal. Ottogalli does not show that the court committed clear or obvious error. See Puckett, 556 U.S. at 135 ("[To be plain], the legal error must be clear or obvious, rather than subject to reasonable dispute.").

Because the appeal waiver was informed and voluntary, it bars Otto-galli's sentencing claims. See Bond, 414 F.3d at 544. Accordingly, the appeal is DISMISSED. See 5TH CIR. R. 42.2.

FootNotes


* Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4.

Comment

1000 Characters Remaining

Leagle.com reserves the right to edit or remove comments but is under no obligation to do so, or to explain individual moderation decisions.

User Comments

Listed below are the cases that are cited in this Featured Case. Click the citation to see the full text of the cited case. Citations are also linked in the body of the Featured Case.

Cited Cases

  • No Cases Found

Listed below are those cases in which this Featured Case is cited. Click on the case name to see the full text of the citing case.

Citing Cases