Charles W. Penland, Sr., a federal inmate, and his wife, Mary Penland, appeal the district court's order dismissing without prejudice the civil action they filed against the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina and Jerry Saad, the receiver appointed in Charles Penland's criminal case. In their complaint, the Penlands sought money damages and declaratory relief.
The district court referred this case to a magistrate judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C.A. § 636(b)(1)(B) (West 2006 & Supp. 2011). The magistrate judge recommended that the complaint be dismissed on various grounds and advised the Penlands that the failure to file specific objections to this recommendation would waive appellate review of a district court order based upon the recommendation. Although the Penlands did object to the magistrate judge's recommendation, their objections did not specifically challenge the legal conclusions set forth therein, which the district court subsequently adopted.
The timely filing of specific objections to a magistrate judge's recommendation is necessary to preserve appellate review of the substance of that recommendation when the parties have been warned of the consequences of noncompliance.