60 N.Y.2d 734 (1983)

In the Matter of Concourse Ophthalmology Associates, P. C., Appellant. Lillian Roberts, as Commissioner of Labor, Respondent.

Court of Appeals of the State of New York.

Decided October 18, 1983.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Norton L. Travis, Richard A. Dennett and Richard J. Weiss for appellant.

Robert Abrams, Attorney-General (Steven A. Segall, Peter H. Schiff, Paul S. Shemin and Iris A. Steel of counsel), for respondent.

Chief Judge COOKE and Judges JASEN, JONES, WACHTLER, MEYER, SIMONS and KAYE concur.


The order of the Appellate Division should be affirmed, with costs.

Whether an employment relationship exists within the meaning of the unemployment insurance law is a question of fact, no one factor is determinative and the determination of the appeal board, if supported by substantial evidence on the record as a whole, is beyond further judicial review even though there is evidence in the record that would have supported a contrary conclusion (Matter of Di Martino [Buffalo Courier Express Co. — Ross], 59 N.Y.2d 638; Matter of Villa Maria Inst. of Music [Ross], 54 N.Y.2d 691; Matter of Eastern Suffolk School of Music [Roberts], 91 A.D.2d 1123).

Petitioner suggests, nevertheless, that the touchstone of employment is control over results produced and means employed, citing Matter of 12 Cornelia St. (Ross) (56 N.Y.2d 895), and that the record is devoid of evidence of control over results or means. The cases upon which it relies, however, involved services of a nature which permitted control over the details of the work and the results produced. Here we are concerned with the services of ophthalmologists, optometrists and a medical photographer, whose professional services do not lend themselves to such control. The board's determination is, nonetheless, supported by substantial evidence of control over important aspects of the services performed other than results or means: the patients treated are those of petitioner; although the professionals work but part time at petitioner's premises, the hours worked are for the most part regularly scheduled rather than occasional or sporadic; appointments are made by petitioner's receptionist; with but occasional reduction made by the professional, the fees charged are fixed by petitioner; the services are rendered at petitioner's premises and with the use of petitioner's equipment and facilities; billings and collections are taken care of by petitioner; patients' records are kept and insurance and Medicare forms are prepared by petitioner's staff. Those factors provide a sufficient evidentiary basis for the board's determination that the ophthalmologists, optometrists and medical photographer whose services are in question are employees rather than independent contractors (Matter of Villa Maria Inst. of Music [Ross], supra; Matter of Eastern Suffolk School of Music [Roberts], supra; Matter of Parsons Sanitarium [Corsi], 271 App Div 859; cf. Matter of Sullivan Co. [Miller], 289 N.Y. 110).

Order affirmed, with costs, in a memorandum.


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