The plaintiff recovered a judgment by default against the defendant on the following complaint:
The defendant has appealed and contends that the judgment is void for the failure of the complaint to state a cause of action and that, therefore, the judgment should be reversed. Chandler v. Price, 244 Ala. 667, 15 So.2d 462; Ballenger Const. Co. v. Joe F. Walters Const. Co., 236 Ala. 548, 184 So. 275. The court entertains the view that the position cannot be sustained.
True, in counting on a breach of contract the essential facts constituting the breach should be set forth to the extent of apprising the defendant in what particular he has failed to perform, Woodward Iron Co. v. Frazier, 190 Ala. 305, 67 So. 430,
It is also argued that the contract contained mutual and dependent covenants and that as an essential to the statement of the cause of action there should have been an averment of performance on the part of the plaintiff, his offer to do so, or an excuse for nonperformance. There are, of course, situations where such an averment might be essential to the statement of the cause of action, but the question is controlled by the nature of the contract sued on—whether the duty of the defendant is dependent upon the performance by the plaintiff of some act before the duty breached by the defendant is due to be performed. See § 223, subsections 8 and 9, Title 7, Code 1940. The contract here sued on imposes no precedent duty on the plaintiff. The right to draw weekly is not such. If the defendant was entitled to make a draw and sought to do so and the plaintiff refused, that would merely be defensive matter and hence the allegation of compliance by the plaintiff would not be essential to the statement of his cause of action.
It is also argued that the contract is void for uncertainty in that the "specifications" mentioned are not set forth. This contention is likewise untenable, since such a provision was not essential to the statement of a good contract and it was quite proper for the contract to provide that the home should be completed "according to specifications agreed upon between the parties."
No error to reverse is made to appear.
LIVINGSTON, C. J., and GOODWYN and MERRILL, JJ., concur.